General Information

Real name:

[ 1 ] )

Jonathan Crane (née Keeny

First Appearance:

World’s Finest Comics #3 (Fall 1941)

Created by:

( artist ) Bill Finger (writer) Bob Kane (artist)


Injustice League
Assorted Batman rogues
Injustice Gang
Secret Society of Super Villains
Sinestro Corps


Genius in biochemistry and psychology

Reading: Scarecrow

Master martial artist
Arsenal of fear-inducing chemicals and tactics
Toxin resistance

Portrayed by:

Cillian Murphy
( Voice )
Jeffery Combs ( Voice )
( Voice )
Charlie Tahan
( Voice )
Jason Mantzoukas ( Voice )
( Voice )
Rahul Kohli ( Voice )
Charlie Tahan
David W. Thompson
( Voice )
Vincent Kartheiser Henry Polic II (Voice)Jeffery Combs (Voice) Dino Andrade (Voice)Charlie Tahan John Noble (Voice)Jason Mantzoukas (Voice) Robert Englund (Voice)Rahul Kohli (Voice)Charlie TahanDavid W. Thompson Robin Atkin Downes (Voice)Vincent Kartheiser Dr. Jonathan Crane, besides known as the Scarecrow, is a Gotham City supervillain and a major enemy of Batman. Created by Batman creators Bill Finger and Bob Kane, he first appeared in World’s Finest Comics #3 ( Fall 1941 ). His scarecrow costume, gangling appearance and surname were inspired by Ichabod Crane of the horror fabrication “ The Legend of Sleepy Hollow ”. The Scarecrow is an overly-obsessive and deranged ex-professor of psychology who uses a assortment of drugs and psychological tactics to use the fears and phobia of his adversaries. He does not commit his crimes for wealth, but quite as a form of “ inquiry ” to further study the effects of fear on humans ( late, he does it to satisfy his own psychopathic desires ), making Gothamites his unwilling guinea fowl pigs. The Scarecrow made entirely two appearances in the 1940 ‘s. Batman writers of the 1960 ‘s revived him and he has since systematically appeared in Batman comic books. He was featured several times in the Emmy-winning 1990 ‘s cartoon Batman: The Animated Series, where he was first played by Henry Polic II. When the series was revamped and shown together with Superman: The Animated Series, the character was voiced by Jeffrey Combs. In the 2005 film Batman Begins and its sequels The Dark Knight and The Dark Knight Rises, he was portrayed by Cillian Murphy .


Golden Age

Elements of the Scarecrow fear-gas appeared in Batman publications anterior to his first base appearance. For example, the estimate of fear gas first appeared in Detective Comics # 46 in December 1940, in a report featuring Hugo Strange, in which Strange uses a limited fear debris in order to scare the police and successfully rob a bank. In his first appearance in World’s Finest Comics # 3 during the Golden Age of Comic Books, the Scarecrow is first introduced as Jonathan Crane, a professor of psychology, who turns to crime after he is fired ; an adept in the psychology of fear, he had fired a artillery in a classroom full of students to illustrate a point. The only thing revealed about his early life is that, as a child, he had liked to frighten birds. Ostracized by his fellow professors for his appearance and reclusiveness, he turned to crime to make himself part of the social elect. His modus operandi is to use his Scarecrow character and threaten his victims into doing whatever he wants. In terms of his costume, he merely wore a tease black hat, trench coat, dissemble, and wielded a Tommy gunman. His beginning crime involved a businessman named Frank Kendrick being sued by a former spouse, Paul Herold. When Herold refused to cooperate upon meet and hearing his demands, the Scarecrow killed him and became a media sense. Bruce Wayne, who happens to be a patron and regent of the university, investigates the matter as Batman and discovers Crane ‘s disturbing demeanor and force resignation, leading him to suspect the professor. In his second gear appearance, he approached a store owner named Dodge with the offer to rob early establishments, in order to increase his sales. After Batman and Robin memorize of the plan and interview Dodge, Scarecrow attempts to kill him, but the Dynamic Duo appropriate him in the nick of meter. He is then sent to Gotham State Penitentiary .
Two years late in Detective Comics # 73, he escapes from imprison and forms a gang of criminals to do his command. While he struggles to rob a taiwanese antique dealer, Batman and Robin foil the design, and he and his cronies are sent second to prison. This version of the Scarecrow was much like other device villains in that he based a fortune of crimes around nursery rhymes and words that rhymed with “ hat. ” He does not appear from 1943 to 1955, but it is revealed that he developed a hallucinogenic chemical toxin that could be used to invoke deep phobia within those who breathe it in. When Batman tries to intervene, he is affected by the toxin and hallucinates that all of his allies have disappeared. Feeling he has no once else to turn to, he confides in an erstwhile foe, Catwoman, to help him stop Crane, and she is successful in helping stop the Scarecrow and getting Batman over his delusions. precisely what happened to Crane is not revealed because of the revelation that the Golden Age universe was actually Earth-2, share of the Multiverse .

Silver Age

Throughout the 1960s Silver Age of Comic Books, the Scarecrow was revived to be one of Batman ‘s most recur rivals. He is a frequent extremity of the Injustice Gang. Ironically, in this Earth-One personification, Crane has a foreign fear of birds, even though he has a pet magpie named Craw. Scarecrow besides owned a pet crow he named Nightmare .

Post-Crisis, Modern-Age Version

Following the 1986 multi-title event Crisis on Infinite Earths boot, Crane ‘s origin history was greatly expanded in the 1989 graphic novel Batman/Scarecrow # 1, part of the Batman : year One continuity. In the novel, he becomes obsessed with fear and revenge from being bullied throughout his childhood and adolescence for his gangling frame and bookish nature. He commits his first murder at the senesce of 18 by brandishing a gunman in his high school parking set during the senior promenade. Dressed in the ghoulish scarecrow costume that would late become his trademark, Crane causes the oral sex bully, Bo Griggs, and his girlfriend, Sherry Squires, who had rejected Crane, to have an car accident which paralyzes Griggs and kills Squires. From this, Crane discovers a savage please in literally frightening people to death. He grows up to become a professor of psychology at Gotham University, specializing in the psychology of fear. The flower potentiometer incidental is left integral, but the actual reason he is fired is due to injuring a student by accident. After his dismissal, he kills the regents who fired him and becomes a career criminal. Following this, he transferred to Arkham Asylum and became a psychiatrist, where he performed more fear-induced experiments on his patients. He takes the nickname “ the Scarecrow ”, the favorite tease of the hate bullies, as part of his retaliation. The 2005 miniseries, Batman/Scarecrow: Year One, expands upon the earlier origin floor. The novel explains that Jonathan Crane is born out of marriage and besides suffers severe abuse from his fanatically religious great-grandmother. His founder takes off before he is even born, and his mother does not show any love or affection towards her son at all. He develops a taste for fear and an affinity for crows when his grandma locks him in a dilapidate church service full of birds. The report besides shows Crane murdering his grandma, and learning that his mother gave birth to a baby girlfriend, causing him to feel great jealousy and grief, reasoning why he is identical cold. During a Batman Confidential history arch, he is shown out of costume at Arkham Asylum still working as a psychiatrist, while planning the renovation of Arkham, and he briefly comes confront to face with the criminal who will one day become The Joker. In the Knightfall storyline, Scarecrow is one of the prisoners that escaped from Arkham after Bane blows it up. He beginning attacks one of The Joker ‘s henchmen, who tells Scarecrow that his bos is after the commissioner. Scarecrow goes to the Joker and decides to become partners in terrorizing the mayor. soon they go to the sewers with the mayor, where Batman arrives. Scarecrow gasses him with fear toxin, but alternatively Batman gets angry. Panicked, Scarecrow floods the sewers. Batman escapes with the mayor but Joker and Scarecrow evasion arsenic well. by and by, at Scarecrow and Joker ‘s hideout, the Joker savagely beats Scarecrow with a electric chair after he tries to poison him. He is then sent to Arkham. In the Shadow of the Bat storyline, Scarecrow escapes and brings in concert a belittled group of college students to terrorize the city while he enjoys the chaos. Soon, Batman ‘s successor, Jean-Paul Valley, and Anarky arrive and together they defeat the Scarecrow and save the boys. In stories written by Jeph Loeb, such as Batman: The Long Halloween and Batman: Hush, Crane is shown to have an inclination to sing nursery rhymes at times. In the Else worlds report Batman: Crimson Mist, Crane is shown to be singing a modified version of “ Ding, Dong, The Witch Is dead ”, from The Wizard of Oz. Crane undergoes a major change in the 2004 Batman report bow As The Crow Flies. While working with The Penguin, he is mutated into a monster. He turns into this “ Scarebeast ” during times of great strain or when it is necessary to defend himself. Scarecrow rejoins the new Secret Society of Super Villains, and is partially of the assault on the Secret Six ( Villains United # 6 ). He is caught in an explosion caused by Parademon. He is late seen in Villains United Special # 1, alert and well. He is besides seen in Detective Comics # 820 as part of One Year Later, where he is defeated by the aggregate efforts of Batman and Robin. recently, the Scarecrow has decided to stop using his typical fear gas, as he feared that other Arkham inmates were correct that he was nothing without them. rather relying on his train as a psychologist, he drives two inmates to suicide using only his words, besides apparently terrifying the rest of Arkham ‘s inmates. After manipulating the guards into freeing him, Crane embarks upon a bowed stringed instrument of poisonous serial murders, terrifying Gotham without using his trademark gimmicks. On Green Lantern vol. 3 # 27, after green Lantern Laira murdered Amon Sur, the son of the die Green Lantern Abin Sur and a penis of the Sinestro Corps, his jaundiced power band attempted to reach Crane as his successor in Arkham Asylum ascribable to his command of fear, but thwarted by two green Lanterns Hal Jordan and John Stewart. On the cover of Justice League of America # 13 ( Vol.2 ), it shows Scarecrow as a extremity of the new Injustice League .
In the Batman: Battle For The Cowl storyline, Scarecrow is recruited by a returning Black Mask to a separate of a group of villains that aiming to take over Gotham. He later assists the crime lord in manufacturing a new recreational drug called “ Thrill, ” which caught the attentions of Oracle and Batgirl. The Scarecrow uses his fear gas on Batgirl but she shows enough will to break through it finally he is defeated by Batgirl and once again arrested. Scarecrow briefly appears in the fourth issue of the Blackest Night storyline. His unsusceptibility to fear ( brought about by patronize exposure to his own fear gasoline ) renders him practically invincible to the invading Black Lanterns. however, his current status of fearlessness has taken a farther price on his sanity, exacerbated by the long disappearance of Batman : he craves for fear, exposing himself measuredly to the recurring united states army, but knowing that only Batman could scare him again .
Scarecrow appears again in Blackest Night # 6. When Ganthet creates duplicates of the seven Lantern Corps rings, Scarecrow is chosen by the scandalmongering ring because of his ability to instill capital fear, and becomes a temp member of the Sinestro Corps. He was soon elected to be the Sinestro of Sector-2814. Overjoyed at finally being able to feel fear, Scarecrow gleefully and without interview follows the commands of Sinestro. For a time, he willingly did his duty, and even assisted against the Black Lanterns, personally attacking Black Hand. His joy is cut curtly, however, when Lex Luthor, overwhelmed by the orange clean of avarice, steals his jaundiced world power surround. Some time belated during the events of Brightest Day, Scarecrow begins kidnapping and murdering college interns working for LexCorp as a way of getting rear at Luthor for stealing his band. When Robin and Supergirl try to stop his plans, Scarecrow unleashes a new fear toxin that is potent enough to affect a Kryptonian. The toxin forces Supergirl to see visions of a Black Lantern Reactron, but she is able to snap out of the delusion and help Robin get the better of Scarecrow. He is finally freed from Arkham when Deathstroke and the Titans break into the mental hospital in order to capture one of the inmates. Scarecrow concisely appears in Batman and Robin # 25, he was going to gasoline Gotham with his fear toxin but Batman stopped him before he was able to fulfill his plans.

Powers and Abilities :

Abilities :

  • Genius Intellect: A master strategist and manipulator, Scarecrow’s genius renders him the most intellectually clever and terrifying criminal mastermind that can dive into the minds of his opponents through nightmarish tactics. Crane also expresses a fondness towards literature including those such as Washington Irving’s The Legend of Sleepy Hollow and James Joyce’s Ulysses, and is shown to be a well-versed individual as demonstrated by his memorization of different poems and often speaks in rhyme.
    • Psychology: Jonathan is a walking textbook on anxiety disorders and psychoactive drugs, and has even conducted fascinating research on how fear is the driving force of everyone’s lives and the psycho physiology of phobias. He is highly able to recite the name and description of nearly every known phobia. He even knows how to use words to affect a person’s actions, once managing to drive two men to suicide with nothing but words, and uses this insight to find people’s mental pressure points and exploit them.
    • Chemistry: A true weapon of terror, Crane’s ingenious panicogenic fear-gas was atomized with the use of mixed chemicals including powerful synthetic adrenocortical secretions and other potent hallucinogens that could be inhaled or injected into the bloodstream to amplify the victim’s darkest fear into a terrifying nightmarish hallucination. Its potency has upgraded to an extreme level over the years where it’s now capable of prompting almost instantaneous, terror-induced heart attacks, leaving the victim in a permanent psychosis of chronic fear. His other versions were powerful enough that even the most strong-willed minds like Batman and Superman can even be affected; for a Kryptonian, he would need to mix the kryptonite with his fear-toxin to strike their mentalities. To instill his toxin, he often uses a hand-held sprayer in the shape of a human skull and special straws which can be snapped in half to release it. Scarecrow even managed to concoct the homemade chemical containing wild fowl pheromones from his childhood that would cause nearby birds to attack his opponents.
  • Pedagogy: He was a talented professor of psychology at Gotham State University.
  • Weaponry: He is skilled with farming tools so he tends to use pitchforks, sickles, and scythes. Occasionally, he uses firearms. During the ‘Blackest Night’ event, Scarecrow is temporarily deputized into the Sinestro Corps by a duplicate of Sinestro’s Power Ring. He proves to be very capable in manipulating the light of fear to create constructs, until his ring is stolen by Lex Luthor.
  • Martial Arts: He is a manic martial artist with full use of his long arms and legs in “violent dancing,” Scarecrow’s own form of crane-style kung-fu inspired by Ichabod Crane’s dancing skills from The Legend of Sleepy Hollow. Despite his scrawny build, he isn’t the type of criminal to be underestimated in hand-to-hand combat whenever forced to fight.

Powers :

  • Toxic Immunity: He seems to have formed an immunity to fear, which depresses him.
  • Transformation (formerly): After some genetic manipulation done to him secretly by Dr.Linda Friitawa (also known as the criminal “Fright”),Scarecrow gains the ability to turn into a large monster with greatly enhanced strength, endurance, and a fear gas he naturally emits. However, he has to be under physical strain or duress to transform.

Weaknesses :

  • Anxiety Disorder: Crane once suffered from corvidophobia (fear of crows) after being attacked by a murder of crows at his family aviary. He managed to overcome this somehow and is often seen with a crow named Craw. Since his first encounter with Batman, he developed chiropteraphobia (fear of bats).
  • Obsession: Motivated by an obsessive need to create fear in others, Scarecrow goes from using the primal emotion as a weapon to the point where he preaches it.

other Versions

Crimson Mist

Scarecrow appears in the third base and concluding chapter of the Batman vampire series, Batman & Dracula: Red Rain, where his suit has been adorned with laces of severed fingers from past victims who he slaughters using a hand held sickle knife. His targets have become more specific as he is after the jocks who used to torment him in school. He is about to kill a early football player when vampire Batman appears, viciously noting that Scarecrow is about worse than him ; he now has no choice but to kill, but Scarecrow has a choice and so far he chose to prey on innocents. Scarecrow blubbers that his victims were not innocent and that they tormented him and scared him. Batman grabs Scarecrow ‘s phial of fear accelerator, crushing it along with Crane ‘s hand, stating that Crane has no estimate what fear is as he uses Crane ‘s own sickle to cut off his question .
Crane ‘s fortune in the DC animated population is revealed in the 2010 Batman Beyond comic storyline where it is mentioned that Scarecrow actually retired from a animation of crime and spent the last ten-spot years of his life writing out experiments before dying of illness .

caller Crossovers

Scarecrow was featured in the Batman/Daredevil: King of New York crossover voter where he attempts to use the Kingpin ‘s crime empire to disperse his fear gas over Gotham, only to be defeated when Daredevil lives up to his ‘Man Without Fear ‘ title by proving immune to the accelerator. He was besides featured in the DC vs. Marvel crossover where he temporarily allies with his Marvel population equivalent to capture Lois Lane before they are both defeated by Ben Reilly .

JSA: The Liberty Files

Scarecrow is featured in depart two of the four-part JSA: The Liberty Files fib arch. This version of Scarecrow is portrayed as a german agent who kills a contact working for the Bat ( Batman ), the Clock ( Hourman ), and the Owl ( Dr. Mid-Nite ). In a fight with the Scarecrow the fiancée of agentive role Terry Sloane is killed. This causes Sloane to return to the field as Mr. Terrific and kills the Scarecrow .
In the Flashpoint narrative bow, Scarecrow was one of the many villains who was killed by Batman ( Thomas Wayne ) .

Batman: Dark Knight Dynasty

A stand-in for Jonathan Crane named Jenna Clarke/Scarecrone appears in the Elseworlds storyline Batman: Dark Knight Dynasty as a henchwoman/consort under the employment of Vandal Savage. Scarecrone besides acts as a stand-in for Two-Face. She has the world power to invade a person ‘s mind and make their deepest fears appear as illusions simply by touching them. “ Scarecrone ” is actually a branch personality from Jenna Clarke, Vandal Savage requires Clarke to switch to her Scarecrone persona through a special convention that he has made Clarke dependent on. The two personalities are actually extremely antagonistic towards each other. It ‘s revealed that when the formula brings out Scarecrone the right side of her boldness becomes heavily scarred. This scar is healed once the formula wears off and the Jenna Clarke personality becomes dominant allele again .


Scarecrow is featured in the twelve-part miniseries Justice, as part of the Legion of Doom. He was one of the many villains who turned society against the Justice League through his checkup expertness, and is shown injecting a female child with a serum allowing her to walk. He late attacks Black Canary and Green Arrow aboard Clayface, using his fear boast to stall Canary while Clayface attacks Green Arrow. The two are successful in incapacitating the two, but fail to kill them. He is late seen aboard Clayface and the Superman villain Parasite, kidnapping Commissioner Gordon, Batgirl, and Supergirl. When the League launches an attack on the Legion ‘s base, he attacks the JLA once again, but after a long conflict, is one of five villains to escape the League. Crane is late attacked by the Joker, who had besides been attacking the Legion of Doom as an independent baron out of enviously for not having been invited into the Legion in the first put .


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In other Media


Filmations series episode The Great Scarecrow Scare was the character ‘s first appearance in any kind of external media .
Scarecrow uses a “ fear sender “ to induce a vision of the murder of Batman ‘s parents in The Fear episode. This was the first time the characters origin was shown in any kind of external media, predating the 1989 movie by four years .
According to Bruce Timm, Scarecrow was meant to appear in Justice League Unlimited as part of the show ‘s interpretation of the Legion of Doom, but due to The Batman ( which was set outside the DCAU ) Scarecrow, along with the most major Batman villains ( Deadshot was the entirely long-familiar Batman villain, which chiefly obscured enemies who had escaped the banish ) were banned from appearing. Scarecrow was primitively going to appear in The Batman as the independent villain of the episode “ Strange New World “, but Hugo Strange was used alternatively, due to Scarecrow ‘s function in the Nolan Batman films, citing the no-compete clause .
Scarecrow made an appearance in Batman: The Brave and the Bold, and was voiced by Dee Bradley Baker, in the teaser of the episode “ Trials of the Demon ”. He teamed up with Scream Queen in an try to cause wide panic on All Hallows Eve ( more normally known as Halloween ) by placing Fear gas-filled pumpkins all over town. Scarecrow faced Batman in combat while his pumpkins were all scooped up by The Flash. Scarecrow was defeated when Batman and Flash buried him in a batch of his Fear Gas-induced pumpkins. Scarecrow besides made a abbreviated cameo appearance in the episode “ Night of the Huntress ” among the other prisoners at Blackgate Penitentiary. He was seen wearing a prisoner uniform, yet still wore his traditional masquerade and hat. He appeared as an convict of Arkham Asylum under the while of the Music Meister in the sequence, “ Mayhem of the Music Meister ! “
Scarecrow made cameos in the movie alongside the other Batman villains and was voiced by Jason Mantzoukas. He dressed up like a Pizza Delivery Man and breathed Fear Gas onto a security guard in order to break into the Gotham City reactor congress of racial equality .

Main article: Scarecrow ( Quinnverse )

Live-action television and film

Scarecrow was not featured in the live-action Batman television series, due to lack of appearances since his debut and the avoidance of horror-themes in the express. however, the villain Shame and his gang use a fear gas during the bipartite episodes “ The Great Escape “ / ” The Great Train Robbery “ in their railway burglarize. scarecrow does, however, appear in the comedian series Batman ’66 .

Unproduced Films

scarecrow was meant to appear in the sequel to Batman & Robin, that was entitled Batman Unchained, as the main antagonist alongside Harley Quinn. Scarecrow ‘s Fear Gas was meant to resurrect the The Joker. Any specific details about Crane, including his motives, appearance, or character in the film were unknown, but, according to Joel Schumacher, actors Nicolas Cage and Steve Buscemi were the most likely candidates for the function. finally, Unchained was scrapped due to the about universal negative reviews of Batman & Robin and lack of public interest in the franchise at that point. Scarecrow was appeared the abandoned script Batman: DarKnight, written by Lee Shapiro and Stephen Wise. Scarecrow would have been depicted as a professor at Gotham City University and Arkham Asylum, using his position within both to create and experiment with his fear toxin. Crane would have besides come into conflict with Man-Bat, a former victim of his experiments .

Dark Knight Trilogy

scarecrow appeared in concept artwork by Ed Nativid for the film Suicide Squad. [ 2 ] however, the character was dropped from the shooting handwriting. It is unknown whether Scarecrow was meant to serve as a member of the Squad or plainly cameo in the film .


scarecrow does not appear in any of the Arrowverse shows, though is often referenced on objects or by other characters. According to Luke Fox, one of his plots included hacking into the Gotham trains and modified them to run on an mugwump system, possibly to spread his fear flatulence throughout the city. His concern toxin is besides appears in the shows, including being accidently released by Oliver Queen in “ Elseworlds “ and being used by the Cartwrights on victims in Batwoman .

Main article: Scarecrow ( Titans )

Jonathan Crane is set to appear in the one-third season of Titans. The character is set to be a profiler and adviser for the GCPD, having obviously reformed .

Video Games

That NBT version of Scarecrow besides appeared in Batman: Rise of Sin Tzu, a television game that was based on The New Batman Adventures in which he, at the command of Sin Tzu, kidnapped Commissioner Gordon and held him hostage at City Hall. Scarecrow wielded Fear Gas Bombs that caused Batman to see apparitions of The Joker, Harley Quinn, Poison Ivy, and Mr. Freeze.

scarecrow was seen in DC Universe Online and was voiced by Christopher S. Fields, as a boss for the hero storyline. He used Fear Gas to create multiple, smaller, and weaker versions of Killer Croc .


Scarecrow became a playable character voiced by Robert Englund. Scarecrow is aligned aboard Gorilla Grood ‘s Society in order to sow panic on a global scale .


  • In the novelization of Batman & Robin, Scarecrow is mentioned to be an inmate at Arkham Asylum.


  • In Scarecrow’s debut stories, the character used only fear and intimidation tactics in his crimes. In the character’s reintroduction in Batman #189, the character was established to use his signature Fear Toxin. In later reinterpretations of his origin story, the Scarecrow has often been depicted as using the Fear Toxin from the start of his criminal career. Some stories have also claimed that it was Crane’s father who first invested the chemical compound and that Jonathan has simply refined the formula over the years.

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