- For other uses, see Evangelion (disambiguation).
New Century Evangelion
“Neon Genesis Evangelion”
- Title I
- TV Series
- origin and production
- See besides
- far reading
Other various Hideaki Anno (Chief)
October 4, 1995 – July 19, 1997
Reading: Neon Genesis Evangelion (anime)
- Death and Rebirth (1997)
- The End of Evangelion (1997)
- Revival of Evangelion (1998)
- Rebuild of Evangelion (2007–)
Neon Genesis Evangelion ( 新世紀エヴァンゲリオン [ ? ], “ Shin Seiki Evangerion “, light. New Century Evangelion ), normally referred to as Evangelion, is a japanese zanzibar copal series, created by Gainax, that began in October 1995. The zanzibar copal was written and directed by Hideaki Anno, and co-produced by television Tokyo and Nihon Ad Systems ( NAS ). It gained international fame and won several vivification awards, and was the begin of the Neon Genesis Evangelion series. The appoint Shin Seiki Evangerion translates directly as “ New Century Evangelion ” or “ New Era Evangelion ”. The term “ Evangelion ” is in relation to the ancient greek term for “ good messenger ” or “ good news ”. The name was chosen in separate for its religious symbolism, vitamin a well as for the fact that Hideaki Anno said he liked the bible “ Evangelion ” because it “ sound [ erectile dysfunction ] complicated ”. The Evangelion series revolves around the organization NERV, using large mechas called Evangelions to combat monstrous beings called Angels. They are piloted by several of the chief characters, including Shinji Ikari, Asuka Sohryu, and Rei Ayanami. While the initial episodes focus largely on religious symbols and specific references to the Bible, the later episodes tend to go deeper into the psyches of the characters, where it is learned that many of them have deep-rooted emotional and mental issues. Through the exploration of these issues, the show begins to question reality and the existences therein. much of the series ‘s contentedness was based on Hideaki Anno ‘s own clinical low. [ 1 ]
The narrative of Neon Genesis Evangelion primarily begins in 2000 with the “ second Impact “, a global calamity which about completely destroy Antarctica and led to the deaths of half the human population of Earth. The Impact is believed by the public at big and even most of NERV to have been the affect of a meteorite down in Antarctica, causing devastating tsunami and a change in the Earth ‘s axial joust ( leading to ball-shaped climate change ) and subsequent geopolitical unrest, nuclear war ( such as the nuke of Tokyo ), and cosmopolitan economic distress. Later, Second Impact is revealed to be the leave of liaison with and experiment on the first of what are jointly dubbed the Angels : Adam. The experiments were sponsored by the mysterious organization SEELE, and carried out by the research administration Gehirn. In the year 2010, Gehirn had accomplished a act of its scientific and engineer goals and corporately changed into the paramilitary constitution NERV which is headquartered in Tokyo-3, a militarize civilian city located on one of the last dry sections of Japan ; NERV ‘s central mission is to locate the remaining Angels predicted by SEELE, and to destroy them. however, NERV has its own secret agenda, as directed by its machiavellian air force officer Gendo Ikari : the Human Instrumentality Project, which, according to Gendo in episode 25, is the job of uniting all human minds into one global spiritual entity. Associated with NERV is the Marduk Institute, which has the task of selecting the pilots for the Evas, the most adequate to being children conceived after the second base Impact ( 14 year-olds ). The establish consists of Commander Ikari, and NERV ‘s headman scientist Ritsuko Akagi ; supporting the two are 108 companies which are all revealed to be ghost companies .
As the inaugural episode opens in the class 2015, Tokyo-3 is being attacked by the one-third Angel. Conventional weapons prove ineffective, largely due to its projected impel field called an AT Field. NERV takes instruction of the battles, and is able to intercept and defeat the Angels using the Evangelions, biomechanical mecha previously developed in secret by Gehirn inside the belowground GeoFront ; the Geofront is located underneath Tokyo-3. not knowing why his father summoned him, Shinji Ikari, a 14-year-old male child arrives in Tokyo-3 just as the Third Angel attacks the city. Shinji reluctantly agrees to join NERV to pilot Evangelion Unit-01, and begins living with Captain Misato Katsuragi. He and Rei Ayanami battle the consecutive advances of the Angels together and are former joined by Asuka Langley Soryu, the pilot burner of Unit-02. Each Eva has its own designated fender ( Unit-00–Rei, Unit-01–Shinji, Unit-02–Asuka, and subsequently Unit-03– Toji Suzuhara ), and operates by synchronizing the pilot ‘s soul and the homo soul inside the Eva via the enigmatic liquid substance known as LCL. Surrounded by LCL, the original ‘s aflutter organization, beware, and torso join with the Eva ‘s controls, allowing the Eva to be controlled by the original ‘s thoughts and actions. The higher a pilot burner ‘s synchronization proportion, the better the fender can control the Eva and fight more adeptly. While Ritsuko mentions at the serial ‘ beginning that the Evas do have some biological components to them, the extent of this is not immediately apparent. Unit-01 is connected to Yui Ikari, Gendo ‘s wife, and Shinji ‘s mother, since it absorbed her body and person in a fail experiment, as shown in episodes 16 and 20. Rei herself is suspected to be a fond clone of Yui, and is known to harbor the soul of Lilith, the moment Angel. [ 2 ] It is ultimately revealed, towards the end of the series, that the Evas are not truly “ robots ” but are actually cloned Angels ( Units 00, 02, 03, and 04 are made from Adam, and 01 is made from Lilith ) onto which mechanical components are incorporated as a think of of constraint and command. This control is not perfect, as respective units are shown over the course of the series drive into “ amuck “ mode, in which they can act of their own will, independent of any artificial power stimulation. Along with the battles against the Angels, the cardinal characters struggle to overcome their personal issues and personality conflicts, which factor heavily into the events of the series and its eventual conclusion. Throughout the series, many of the main characters constantly have to cope with several social and emotional problems : characters are unwillingly forced to confront socially complex and challenging situations ; unresolved sexual tensions grow between numerous characters ; injuries, deaths, and defeats cause blows to their psyches ; and previously steady relationships begin to falter. Over the concluding months of 2015, the characters begin to learn of the dependable design of NERV and SEELE, the Human Instrumentality Project. Its purpose is to force the completion of human development, and thereby save it from destroying itself. To do therefore, they plan to break down the AT fields that separate individual humans, and in doing sol, reducing all humans to LCL, which is revealed to be the “ aboriginal soup ”, the cardinal composite of human beings. All LCL would then be united into a sovereign being, the future phase of humanity, ending all conflict, loneliness and pain brought about by individual being. At the end of the series, SEELE and NERV come into direct conflict over the implementation of Instrumentality. In the last two episodes ( the second set in 2016 ), Gendo and Rei initiate the Human Instrumentality Project, forcing several characters ( specially Shinji [ 3 ] ) to face their doubts and fears and examine their dignity, with sequences that “ suggest animated schizophrenia ”. [ 4 ] This ending was made up of flashbacks, sketchy artwork, and flashing text “ over a collage of black visuals, that include black and white photos of abandon urban motifs such as a riderless bicycle or vacant park benches interspersed with graphic stills of the devastate NERV headquarters in which Shinji ‘s colleagues are seen as bloodstained bodies ”, [ 5 ] and a brief interlude depicting an “ alternate ” Evangelion universe with the lapp characters but apparently in the high school drollery music genre, finally seems to depict Shinji concluding that biography could be deserving know and that he did not need to pilot an Eva to justify his universe ; he is then surrounded by most of the project, clapping and congratulating him. The introduction implies that this same procedure took stead for everyone .
- Main article: Characters
|“||It’s strange that ‘Evangelion’ has become such a hit—all the characters are so sick!||”|
|—Hideaki Anno (1996)|
origin and production
In March 1992, Gainax had begun design and output of an anime movie called Aoki Uru, which was to be a sequel to Oritsu Uchugun set 50 years former ( indeed as to be easier to pitch to investors [ 6 ] ) which, like Oritsu, would follow a group of champion pilots. Production would finally cease in July 1993 : a full-length zanzibar copal movie was just beyond Gainax ‘s fiscal ability – many of its core businesses were shutting down or producing minimal amounts of money :
“ general Products had closed patronize. We ‘d pulled out of Wonder Festival [ a “ flea market for garage kits ” ] and garage kit out making wholly. We were n’t taking on any subcontract work for zanzibar copal production. We did continue to make personal computer games – Akai had seen to that – but there was n’t a lot of make tossed our manner. With mere pennies coming in, we were having a hard enough time barely paying everyone ‘s salaries. finally the club came toss off for us to halt production on Aoki Uru. We were plainly incapable of taking the project any further. ” [ 7 ]
Anno ‘s personal biography describes this period :
“ In 1991, Anno spent many unproductive days as a consequence of his inability to mentally distance himself from the Nadia series even after the broadcast had ended. He would work out numerous plans and projects, both on his own first step and in collaboration with others, but they all fell through, and in the end, Anno ‘s baseless days were dotted with projects that he imploded by design. In the midst of all this, one project, a feature movie entitled Blue Uru, finally took shape and animation production began, only to be shut down due to circumstances beyond his master. ” [ 8 ]
With the failure of the visualize, Anno, who had been slated from the begin to direct Aoki Uru, was freed up. Legendarily, he would soon agree to a collaboration between King Records and Gainax while drinking with Toshimichi Ōtsuki, a representative at King ; [ 9 ] with King Records guaranteeing a time time slot for “ something, anything ”, [ 8 ] Anno place about actually making the anime. Unsurprisingly, elements of Aoki Uru were incorporated into the nascent Evangelion :
“ One of the key themes in Aoki Uru had been “ not running away. ” In the fib, the main character is faced with the daunting undertaking of saving the heroine … He ran away from something in the past, so he decides that this time he will stand his prime. The same subject was carried over into Evangelion, but I think it was something more than equitable transposing one show ‘s root onto another … ” [ 10 ]
The original early plotline for Evangelion remained relatively stable through development, although late episodes appear to have changed dramatically from the fluid and uncertain early conceptions ; for example, primitively there were 28 Angels and not 17, and the climax would deal with the frustration of the final examination 12 Angels and not with the operation of the Human Instrumentality Project. As well, Kaworu Nagisa ‘s initial design was a schoolboy who could switch to an “ Angel form ”, accompanied by a pet kat. [ 11 ] production was by no means placid. Sadamoto ‘s writing of the manga ( Neon Genesis Evangelion ) caused problems as multiple publishers felt “ that he was besides passé to be bankable ” ; [ 12 ] the conventionalized mecha invention that Evangelion would later be praised for was initially deprecated by some of the potential sponsors of a mecha zanzibar copal ( toy companies ) as being besides unmanageable to manufacture ( possibly on purpose ), [ 13 ] and that models of the Evangelions “ would never sell. ” [ 14 ] Eventually, Sega agreed to license all toy and television game sales .
After several episodes were produced, Evangelion began to be shown : the first sequence aired 4 October 1995, retentive after originally planned. initially ignored ( although received positively by those Gainax fans invited to early screenings ), viewership grew slowly and largely by parole of talk. Episode 16 marked a distinct shift that would characterize the second half of Evangelion as being more psychological than natural process or gamble. [ 15 ] This change in emphasis was partially due to the development of the history, but besides partially because by this decimal point, production had begun running out of fund and failing to meet the schedule ; this flop has been identified by at least one Gainax employee as the impulse for Evangelion ‘s flex into metafiction :
I did n’t mind it. The schedule was an talk disaster and the count of cels plummeted, so there were some places where unfortunately the choice suffered. however, the tension of the staff as we all became more desperate and frenzied surely showed up in the film … About the clock time that the production system was completely falling apart, there were some opinions to the consequence that, “ If we ca n’t do satisfactory work, then what ‘s the point of continuing ? ” however, I did n’t feel that manner. My public opinion was, “ Why do n’t we show them the integral work including our breakdown. ” [ 16 ]
Read more : Rei Ayanami
( In general, the animation [ 17 ] and dub, [ 18 ] deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as the quality design, have often been praised. [ 19 ] [ 20 ] [ 21 ] [ 22 ] ) But however, by Episode 18, it had become adequate of a sense that Unit-01 ‘s fierce rampage “ is criticized as being unsuitable on an zanzibar copal show that is viewed by children ”, and Episode 20 would be similarly criticized for the offscreen delineation of Misato and Ryoji having sex. [ 23 ] With this popularity came the inaugural merchandise, “ genesis 0:1 ” ( containing the foremost two episodes ). Beginning a course, it sold out. As the series concluded on 27 March 1996 with “ Take care of yourself. “, the story obviously remained open : third base Impact and the Human Instrumentality Project are implied to have begun or even finished, but the episodes focus largely on the psychology of the characters, leaving deeply indecipherable what actually happens. The radically different and experimental style of the final two episodes confused [ 24 ] or alienated many fans [ 25 ] and engender argue and analysis, both scholarly and informal, and accusations of nonsense ; [ 26 ] evening mainstream publications like the Mainichi Times would remark that “ When Episode 25 first aired the following workweek, about all viewers felt betrayed … when observer Eiji Ōtsuka sent a letter to the Yomiuri Shimbun, complaining about the end of the Evangelion series, the argue went nationally. ” [ 27 ] ( It is worth noting that the ending received such coverage in partially because Evangelion had attracted viewers not typically matter to in such fare ; the television series was highly popular. [ 28 ] [ 29 ] ) After the end of the series, Anno ‘broke down ‘ [ 8 ] and delayed the approaching films. The series enjoyed incredible popularity among its fan free-base. In 1995, the series won beginning rate in the reader-polled “ Best love series ” category of the Anime Grand Prix, a reader-polled award series published in Animage magazine. The series was once again awarded this trophy in 1996, receiving 2,853 votes, compared to the second-place show ( which was unmentioned ) with only 903 votes. The End of Evangelion would win first place in 1997, allowing Neon Genesis Evangelion to be the first zanzibar copal franchise to win three back-to-back first-place awards. This feat would not be duplicated again for several years, until Code Geass won the 2006, 2007, and 2008 awards. “ Zankoku na Tenshi nobelium These “ won the Song category in 1995 & 1996 ; “ The begin and the end, or “ Knockin ‘ on Heaven ‘s Door ” “ won the 1996 Episode category ; and Rei Ayanami won in the Female Character class in 1995 and 1996 ( followed by Shinji Ikari winning in the Male Character category in 1996 and 1997 ), contributing to Megumi Hayashibara ‘s 1995-1997 wins in the Seiyuu class ( and until 2001 for early series ). In 1998, EX.org ‘s readers voted it the # 1 US release [ 30 ] and in 1999, the # 2 picture of all time. [ 31 ] In reaction to the recoil by fans against the nature of the series finale, Anno made several controversial comments in the months following the serial decision, and preceding the release of The End of Evangelion. Anno commented in respective interviews after the conclusion of the series that “ anime fans need to have more dignity ” and to “ come back to reality ” ; in a Newtype interview on 10 May, after the announcement on 26 April of a new movie and re-edited versions of the television series, he besides stated that “ computer network is graffiti on gutter walls. ” [ 23 ] These statements were even more controversial .
Following the series ‘s end, Hideaki Anno was dissatisfied as a result of prison term constraints, budget problems, and network censoring issues. When the series was ultimately released as a VHS set, the series was remastered and extra footage was provided in Episodes 21 through 24, and Episodes 25 and 26 were completely remade into Death and Rebirth. however, the original remastering was put slightly digression to favor the movie, again in separate due to budget constraints. Following this, Anno decided that Rebirth II should include some of the former animations, and ended up being renamed The End of Evangelion. In 1998, the Evangelion films were released in their original intended phase, without the extra scenes in the recapitulate movie ( Death(true)² ) and with the full moon new ending. In 2000, the “ second impingement Box ” was released in 3 parts, containing Episode 26 unmown, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as the remastered episodes and the 2 movies ( besides including Rebirth ). In 2003, the nine-volume “ Renewal of Evangelion ” DVDs were released, with the series ‘ sound and mental picture remastered for HD and 5.1 technology. The first eight volumes covered the original 26 episodes ( with two versions of episodes 21-24 : the untrimmed version and a reconstruction of the edit version ). The ninth bulk, containing two disk, named Evangelion: The Movie, contained Death(true)² and End of Evangelion. The Renewal free formed the footing for the western “ Platinum Edition ”, which features slightly different English subtitles than the original VHS and DVD releases. The original dub of Episodes 25 and 26 were replaced with only the “ Director ‘s Cut ” dub of these episodes .
Evangelion is filled with allusions to biological, military, religious, and psychological concepts, equally well as numerous references or homages to older anime serial ( for case, the basic plot is seen in earlier anime like Space Battleship Yamato ), a tendency which inspired the nickname for the series, the “ remixed zanzibar copal ”. Hideaki Anno ‘s habit of freudian psychoanalytical hypothesis, ampere well as his allusions to religion and biology are much idiosyncratically used and redefined to carry his message. This leaning of Anno ‘s has been criticized as “ total plagiarism ” and “ equitable more mindgames from the liveliness crowd ”. however, Anno has defended himself by denying the possibility of in truth original work without borrowing in anime.
|“||The people who make anime and the people who watch it always want the same things. The creators have been making the same story for about 10 years; the viewers seem to be satisfied and there’s no sense of urgency. There’s no future in that.||”|
|—Hideaki Anno, Wong 1996|
Anno ‘s original finish, which was arguably achieved, was to reinvigorate the zanzibar copal genre and create a “ new ” anime. He has imbued many symbols and concern perspectives into the series and individual episodes. A number of these symbols were noted on the English DVD comment for Death and Rebirth and End of Evangelion. many of the characters share their names with japanese warships from World War II ( such as the Sōryū, Akagi, and Katsuragi ; though the transport names and character names are written with unlike kanji, they contribution the same pronunciations ). other characters ‘ names refer to other works of fabrication, such as the two characters named after the protagonists of Ryu Murakami ‘s Ai to Genso no Fascism ( “ Fascism in Love and Fantasy ” ; the two main characters are named Aida Kensuke and Suzuhara Toji ; Anno subsequently directed a Murakami adaptation, Love & Pop ) .
Evangelion is frequently considered a profoundly personal expression of Hideaki Anno ‘s personal struggles. [ 1 ] From the start, Evangelion invokes many psychological themes. Oftentimes, titles of episodes, titles of music used in the series, and early repeated phrases are based on psychological concepts such as those of Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan. Some such phrases include “ Thanatos “, “ oral degree “, “ interval anxiety ”, and “ beget is the first other ” ( based on Freud ‘s mind of the Oedipus complex ). The episodes besides seem laden with some deeply psychological concepts. Some have speculated on the significance of the lineage into the GeoFront in Tokyo-3 as being related to a “ honkytonk into the unconscious ”. additionally, the Evas ‘ connection with their pilots could be deciphered as a psychological connection and conflict. As the series progresses, the porcupine ‘s dilemma is mentioned, referring to humans ‘ inability to get airless to each other without causing pain to one another ; this term is used to related directly to Shinji Ikari, but applies to early characters in the series american samoa well. Beyond Freud and Lacan, elements of Gestalt therapy are laden throughout the series. This theory is directly referenced in Episode 15, when the concepts of homeostasis and transistasis are mentioned. Furthermore, Episode 19 is titled “ Introjection ”, a Gestalt terminus for a mechanism in the homo brain designed to process experiences. The characters in the series seem to extend deep psychological trauma, frequently in relationship with their parents. Shinji, a classical case of introversion and social anxiety, seems to get his psychological traits from the loss of his mother at such an early age, coupled with the percept of his forefather abandoning him. Asuka, a victim of her mother ‘s insanity, found her mother after she committed suicide, which led to her hardened exterior personality and gratification from piloting the Evas. Like Shinji, Misato experienced disregard from her father ; in Episode 25, Misato mentions that Ryoji Kaji reminds her of her don, which has led to an ambivalent impression toward him. A display of farther battle is seen from Ritsuko, who, after seeing her beget having an affair with Gendo, is simultaneously attracted and despiteful toward him. To further the psychological prevalence in the final examination two episodes, they are stripped of their colored visuals and film with hushed tones as Shinji is heard asking himself deep, brooding psychological questions. In these two episodes, Shinji and Asuka both display the fact that they experienced exchangeable pasts ; Shinji, however, claims he has no life without the Evas, though this is former disproved in the final view of Episode 26 .
The themes in Evangelion are much drawn from religious symbols, such as from Judaism, Christianity, Gnosticism, and Kabbalism. Hidaeki Anno has said that, in this work of science fabrication, one of the main goals of Gainax was to examine the nature of doctrine and religion, and to bring forth questions about idol. [ 32 ] Kazuya Tsurumaki, a recurring assistant director, has stated that they chose to use religious symbolism merely to set themselves apart from other shows featuring giant mechas, and that it did n’t have any outstanding mean beyond this. [ 33 ] Gainax ‘s PR department head, Hiroki Sato and erstwhile president of the united states Toshio Okada have made alike statements. [ 34 ] There are several individual religious references seen throughout the series .
- The Christian cross is shown often, many times as the result of large explosions (particularly those of the Angels).
- The Angels themselves are a reference to the angels of God, particularly from the Old Testament.
- The names of the Magi supercomputers, as well as “Magi” itself, are references to the Biblical Magi.
- The Tree of Life of Kabbalism is mentioned.
- The Marduk Institute is the name of the chief deity from Babylonian mythos.
Human Instrumentality Project
- Main article: Human Instrumentality Project
The Human Instrumentality Project shows a impregnable influence from Arthur C. Clarke ‘s fresh Childhood’s End, an influence Anno acknowledged. Similarities between the works, such as the larger themes and the declining parentage pace after the Second Impact, were gleaned from this employment .
From the period from 1984 to the handout of Evangelion, most highly applaud zanzibar copal had a expressive style somehow distanced from the common styles of anime. For exercise, Hayao Miyazaki ‘s My Neighbor Totoro ( 1988 ), and Kiki’s Delivery Service ( 1989 ) were both low-key works, while Akira ( 1988 ) was influenced by american comic books. Acclaimed director Mamoru Oshii had said that, in the words of Hiroki Azuma, cipher wanted to watch “ simple anime-like works ” anymore. Evangelion, however, shows the reversion of this course. It in full embraced the style of mecha zanzibar copal, and in particular shows a large influence from Yoshiyuki Tomino ‘s Space Runaway Ideon, [ 35 ] which Anno recommends ; [ 36 ] particularly, there are scenes in The End of Evangelion which are clear homages to the last movie for the Ideon series. adenine much as Evangelion has been impacted by other works like Devilman, [ 37 ] the series itself has become a staple in japanese fabrication. The nature of the show made it a landmark work in the more psychological and sophisticate vein of anime that would be picked up by former works such as Revolutionary Girl Utena ( 1997 ) that, like Evangelion, center on an equivocal world-changing consequence to come. Serial Experiments Lain is a late zanzibar copal which dealt with many of the lapp themes as Evangelion, [ 38 ] and so is often thought to be influenced by Neon Genesis Evangelion, although the writer did not see any of Evangelion until he had finished the fourth episode of Lain, [ 39 ] and attributes the utility pole ocular motif to mugwump invention and the screen captions to his borrowing from Jean-Luc Godard and Anno from Kon Ichikawa. The show His and Her Circumstances ( 1999 ), which was besides directed by Hideaki Anno, shares techniques ( the experimental ‘ripping-apart ‘ of the animation and practice of real photograph ) and portray psychological conflicts in a lot the lapp way ( although the versatile cinematic devices can be traced back to works other than Eva, for example, the works of Osamu Tezuka. [ 40 ] ). Evangelion dramatically changed the design of giant robots in animate works. previously, mecha or giant automaton shows took their “ mechanical become ” designs from Mobile Suit Gundam, Mazinger, and other similar shows from the 70s and 80s. Evangelion changed this with its fast and satiny Evas, making a noticeable contrast to the relatively bulky and awkward looking Patlabors and Mobile Suits of the past. indeed, the stylus set and created by Evangelion has become more common since its free, yet series like The King of Braves GaoGaiGar have continued to use the authoritative “ mecha ” style. RahXephon, a show with designs inspired by 1970s mecha shows, was compared to Evangelion by many english linguistic process reviewers. [ 41 ] [ 42 ] Evangelion is broadly viewed to be a part of the soft science fabrication music genre, by avoiding the technical heavily S.F. approach of Gundam and other popular mecha anime in favor of psychological conflict [ 43 ] and metaphysical symbolism. [ 44 ] Some anime have been made in directly confrontation to NGE ; Tomino Yoshiyuki publicly stated that with Brain Powerd he intended to “ outdo Evangelion “. [ 45 ] [ 46 ] [ 47 ] Shows or works involving similar mixtures of religion and mecha are frequently compared to NGE, such as Xenogears [ 48 ] or Gasaraki. [ 49 ] [ 50 ]
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The UK set Fightstar ‘s introduction album, Grand Unification, is purported to have been heavily influenced by Neon Genesis Evangelion. [ 51 ] The track “ Lost Like Tears in Rain ” even contains the lyric “ It ‘s neon Genesis ”. [ 52 ] The artwork for the record portrays huge ruin cityscapes that are evocative of similar scenes in Evangelion. Fightstar ‘s second album features a track called “ unfamiliar Ceilings ”, a reference to the Evangelion chapter “ Unfamiliar Ceiling ” ; there is besides a song named “ H.I.P. ( adequate ) ” in which H.I.P. stands for “ Human Instrumentality Project “. besides, the words “ Human Instrumentality Project ” can be seen in the album cut-in booklet. Fightstar ‘s EP Deathcar besides features two Evangelion -related songs. One is titled “ NERV/SEELE ” and the other is titled “ Shinji Ikari “. The back of the EP artwork besides shows an persona of the Spear of Longinus visibly separating the two songs from the other tracks. Their third gear album, Be Human, besides takes its name from an episode of Evangelion ( episode 22 ) .
- (Japanese) Endo, Toru. “Konna kitanai kirei na hi ni wa” (“On a day so beautiful and so ugly”). Poppu karuchaa kuritiiku (Pop Culture Critique), volume 0. 1997.
- (Japanese) Gainax, NEW-TYPE. E-Mono: Neon Genesis Evangelion: All Goods Catalog. ISBN4-04-852868-8
- (Japanese) Kotani, Mari. Seibo Evangelion (Evangelion as the Immaculate Virgin). Tokyo: Magajin Hausu. 1997.
- (Japanese) Kotani, Mari. A New Millenialist Perspective On The Daughters Of Eve. ISBN4-8387-0917-X.
- June magazine, ed. Neon Genesis Evangelion June Tokuhon: Zankoku-Na Tenshi no These (“The Neon Genesis Evangelion JUNE Reader: Zankoku na Tenshi no These”). ISBN4-906011-25-X.
- Lippit, Seiji M. Topographies of Japanese Modernism. New York: Columbia UP, 2000
- Morikawa, Kaichiro (ed.). The Evangelion Style. ISBN4-8074-9718-9
- Redmond, Dennis. The World is Watching: Video as Multinational Aesthetics 1967–1995, 2001.
- Yamashita, Ikuto and Seiji, Kio. Sore Wo Nasumono: Neon Genesis Evangelion Concept Design Works (“That which enables that: Neon Genesis…”). ISBN4-04-852908-0
- ‘The Thin Veneer Known as “Evangelion”‘ -(Anime News Network)
- “Understanding Evangelion” -(Anime News Network)
- “Online Bibliography of Anime and Manga Research” -(collection of Evangelion-related papers, essays, & articles)