The Ocelot ( Leopardus pardalis ), is besides known as the ‘ Painted Leopard ’, ‘ McKenney ’ s Wildcat ’ or ‘ Manigordo ’ ( in Costa Rica ) .
The Ocelot is a hazardous caterpillar distributed over South America ( Argentina and Belize ) and Central America and Mexico. It has besides been reported as far north as Texas and in Trinidad, Caribbean .
The Ocelots appearance is similar to that of the domestic cat. Ocelots are elegant and lissome cats and grow to be about 2 – 3 feet ( 65 – 100 centimetres ) long ( excluding the tail ) and weigh around 9 – 14 kilograms on average. Their tails are 1.5 feet ( 50 centimetres ) in duration .
The fur of the Ocelot is similar to that of a Jaguar. It is dark brown with irregular shaped spots and stripes. The stripes are edged with total darkness on a yellow/tawny background giving this medium size cat a most classifiable appearance. The Ocelots underlie color varies with its habitat, with the base coloring material of its fur being a rich yellow/cream in more arid areas to a dark yellow/brown in afforest habitats .
While similar in appearance to the Oncilla and the Margay, which inhabit the same regions, the Ocelot is larger .
Ocelots feed chiefly on the ground. These fast hunters eat little mammals ( monkeys ), small deer, rabbits, birds, fish, amphibians and snakes. Ocelots are besides identical good swimmers .
largely found in tropical forests, rarely does the ocelot climb trees though it is an excellent social climber. During the night, they tend to hunt along open trails, while during the day, they stay hide within the deeper pubic hair .
about all of the raven that the Ocelot hunts is far smaller than itself. Studies suggest that it follows and finds prey by smell trails, but the Ocelot besides has identical exquisite imagination, including night vision .
Ocelots are medium-sized cats that live in rain forests and grasslands. Ocelots appear to be good adapted to habitat noise and can live in disturbed forests. however, they can be found in a kind of habitats in Belize, from dry scrub to the dense forests. The ocelot will besides sleep in the lower branches of trees in its forest habitat. Male and female cats much share territories which can be up to 3 square miles in area.
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Ocelots are nocturnal ( active at night ) and besides sometimes diurnal ( active during the day ) and identical territorial. It will fight ferociously, sometimes to the death, in territorial disputes. Like most felines, it is nongregarious, normally meeting only to mate. however, during the day it rests in trees or early dense foliation and will occasionally share its spot with another ocelot of the lapp sex .
When match, the female will find a hideout in a cave in a rough bluff, a hollow corner, or a dense ( preferably thorny ) brush. Mating is non-seasonal. The pregnancy period is estimated to be 70 days. generally the female will have 2 – 4 kittens, born in the fall with their eyes closed and a thinly report of hair’s-breadth. The life cross of the Ocelot is about 8 – 11 years .
Ocelot Conservation Status
The ocelots fur resembles that of a Jaguar and was once involve as peculiarly valuable. As a solution, hundreds of thousands of Ocelots have been killed for their fur. The Ocelot was classified a ‘ vulnerable ’ endangered species from the 1980s until 1996, but is now generally considered ‘ least concern ’ by the 2006 IUCN Red List .
The follow are the presently recognized subspecies :
Leopardus pardalis pardalis, Amazon Rainforest
Leopardus pardalis aequatorialis, northern Andes and Central America
Leopardus pardalis albescens, Mexico, southwestern Texas
Leopardus pardalis melanurus, Venezuela, Guyana, Trinidad, Barbados, Grenada
Leopardus pardalis mitis, Argentina, Paraguay
Leopardus pardalis nelsoni, Mexico
Leopardus pardalis pseudopardalis, Colombia
Leopardus pardalis puseaus, Ecuador
Leopardus pardalis sonoriensis, Mexico
Leopardus pardalis steinbachi, Bolivia
- The Moche people of ancient Peru worshipped animals and often portray ocelots in their artwork.
- Like many fantastic cats, it is occasionally kept as a pet. Salvador Dalí frequently traveled with his pet Ocelot, even bringing it aboard the luxury cruise liner SS France .
- The Belizean diagnose for the ocelot is the same as the margay ‘ tiger big cat ’ .
- The name ‘ ocelot ’ comes from the Mexican Aztec password ‘ tlalocelot ’ meaning ‘ field tiger ’ .