VULNERABILITY TO CLIMATE CHANGE
Climate change is a reality that is affecting millions of people across the world, particularly the most vulnerable, by increasing the frequency and virulence of the extreme point meteorologic phenomenon that cause substantial damage and population shift. One merely has to look back equally recently as 2018, when lifelike disasters led to the internal displacement ( i migration within the same country ) of 17.2 million people, according to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre ( IDMC ) .
global calefacient is besides the causal agent of the greatest environmental crisis in history, due to the unprecedented amphetamine with which it has unfolded. Since 1880, the average global temperature has increased by 0.85°C, ocean levels have risen by 19cm and the Arctic has lost 1.07 million km2 of ice per decade, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change ( IPCC ) .
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MITIGATING AND ADAPTING TO CLIMATE CHANGE
Until recently, the international community had focused on trying to limit CO2 emissions. But based on the latest data, it has diversified its efforts, promoting climate change adaptation and mitigation policies to help minimise the effects of this phenomenon, whose consequences are already being seen across the world. Both strategies complement each other, and although they present different challenges, the conclusion goal is the same.
The difference between climate change extenuation strategies and climate change adaptation is that extenuation is aimed at tackling the causes and minimising the potential impacts of climate change, whereas adaptation looks at how to reduce the negative effects it has and how to take advantage of any opportunities that arise. Where extenuation strategies fail to reach emissions containment targets, climate resilience will be key to lessen the impacts of climate change and pave the way for our survival, along with the rest of the Earth’s inhabitants.
MEASURES FOR MITIGATING AND ADAPTING TO CLIMATE CHANGE
Climate change is an uphill battle, but with our combined efforts and desirable moderation actions we can minimise the damage it causes :
Improving energy efficiency and opting for renewable energy over fossil fuels .
Promoting public transmit and sustainable mobility by increasing the numbers of journeys in towns by bicycle, reducing the act of flights and taking more trips by train or in share cars .
Promoting ecological industry, department of agriculture, fish and livestock farming, food sustainability, responsible pulmonary tuberculosis and the 3Rs convention ( reduce, recycle, recycle ) .
By taxing the consumption of dodo fuels and CO2 emissions markets.
Alongside extenuation measures to stem ball-shaped thaw, measures for adapting to climate change besides need to be encouraged :
Erecting buildings and infrastructure that is safer and more sustainable .
Replanting forests and restoring damaged ecosystems .
Diversifying crops so that they are better able to adapt to changing climates .
Investigating and developing advanced solutions to prevent and manage natural catastrophes .
Developing carry through plans for climate emergencies.
Read more: Emperor penguins
WHAT WILL THE EARTH LOOK LIKE IN 2030 IF WE DEFEAT CLIMATE CHANGE?
If the measures for mitigate and adapting to climate change are successful, by future decade — according to the World Economic Forum ( WEF ) — we could achieve daily scenarios such as :
Most journeys will be made by caravan or shared electric car, equipped with algorithm that will select the best route in order to reduce consumption and maximise the total of passengers. In towns, we will choose to walk, travel by bicycle or use public transport in order to save time and improve our timbre of life through a reduction in noise and in traffic jams .
Architecture and town planning
We will live in houses fed by renewable energy and barely any concrete buildings will be built. There will be fewer parking zones in our streets and more urban allotments, parks and gardens .