Adapting to Climate Change
Climate change impacts our communities in many ways, including stresses to water resources ; threats to coastal environments and communities ; negative impacts on human health ; changing demand on energy add ; disruptions to transportation and farming ; and increased vulnerability of company and ecosystems to future climate exchange .
Reducing green house gas ( GHG ) emissions, thereby reducing the rate and magnitude of climate change is referred to as “ mitigation. ” Mitigation primarily addresses the reduction of human factors that contribute to global warming, besides known as anthropogenetic causes. GHGs are the primary subscriber to global warm, because they trap heating system in the atmosphere. Principle GHGs that enter the air because of human activities are Carbon Dioxide ( CO2 ), Methane ( CH4 ), azotic Oxide ( N2O ), and Fluorinated Gases. Of all the anthropogenetic GHGs emitted in 2004, over 56 percentage was Carbon Monoxide ( CO ) caused by fossil fuel function, the second being CO2 from deforestation at about 17 percentage .
Hawaii’s Climate Change Adaptation Policy
Act 234, Session Laws of Hawaii 2007, established the department of state ’ south policy framework and requirements to address Hawaii ’ s GHG emissions. In Act 234, the legislature recognized the following : “ … climate change poses a dangerous threat to the economic wellbeing, public health, natural resources, and the environment of Hawaii. The potential adverse effects of ball-shaped warming include a get up in sea levels resulting in the translation of businesses and residences and the flood of Hawaii ’ s fresh water aquifers, damage to marine ecosystems. ”
The concentrate and general purpose of Act 234 was to achieve cost-efficient GHG emissions reductions at or below Hawaii ’ s GHG emissions estimates of 1990 by January 1, 2020. however, even if GHG emissions are reduced to 1990 levels, Hawaii will still be significantly impacted by climate transfer well into the future .
Hawaii can best react to climate change by adapting to its impacts. Adaptation involves adjusting our natural and build up environments in response to actual or expected climate changes and its effects. Act 20, special Session Laws of Hawaii 2009, created a climate change undertaking force to address climate variety adaptation. The Act 20 task force out was not funded and did not convene. By operation of jurisprudence, the Act 20 job force ceased to exist on June 30, 2011 .
Despite these setbacks, the Office of Planning and its partners recognized the necessitate to address climate variety adaptation and the hope of the governor and the department of state legislature to address the issue. As the lead agency of the Coastal Zone Management ( CZM ) Program, the Office of Planning lead the coordination of a climate change adaptation policy for the State of Hawaii .
The Office relied upon existing authority under the CZM Act, which provides that “ global warm may result in a substantial sea level rise with dangerous adverse effects in the coastal zone, ” and that “ coastal states must anticipate and plan for such an occurrence. ” See 16 U.S.C. § 1451. In addition, the policy framework is a “ Priority Guideline ” to the State Planning Act, Hawaii Revised Statutes ( HRS ) chapter 226, which directs the Office to recommend plan associate policy to the governor and the legislature .
In August of 2011, with funding accompaniment from the Army Corps of Engineers and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Office held workshops to develop a climate change policy that would help Hawaii adjust to climate switch so that we can moderate potential wrong, take advantage of opportunities, and cope with the consequences. These workshops are described in the follow documents :
Based on these workshops, Act 286 ( 2012 ), Climate Change Adaptation Priority Guidelines, was passed by the legislature and signed into law by former Governor Neil Abercrombie. Hawaii is one of few states in the nation to adopt a statewide climate adaptation policy for addressing the impacts of climate deepen ( Press Release ) .
Act 286 is codified as HRS § 226-109. Because the policy is an amendment to the Hawaii State Planning Act, all county and department of state actions must consider the policy in its land function, capital improvement, and program decisions .
The Office of Planning is presently working with versatile stakeholders, primarily through the Ocean Resources Management Plan ( ORMP ) program, to implement the policy. The ORMP includes county, state, and federal stakeholders who implement public projects and programs. The ORMP is a coordinate effort that includes stimulation from the community, businesses, and non-profits who contribute to and support these efforts .
On November 1, 2013, President Barack Obama appointed former Governor Neil Abercrombie to serve on the President ’ s Task Force on Climate Preparedness and Resilience. Task Force members were asked to develop recommendations on how the federal government can better accompaniment state of matter, local and tribal efforts in climate extenuation, adaptation and resilience in the areas of Disaster Management ; Built Systems ( water system, department of transportation, department of energy, facilities and coastal infrastructure ) ; Natural Resources and Agriculture ; and Community Development and Health .
In 2014, Act 83, or the Hawaii Climate Adaptation Initiative Act, was signed into police. Act 83 ( codified as HRS Chapter 225P ) calls for the establishment of an Interagency Climate Adaptation Committee ( ICAC ), attached administratively to the Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources ( DLNR ) and co-chaired by the Chairperson of the Board of Land and Natural Resources ( BLNR ) and the Director of the Office of Planning ( OP ).
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Climate Change Policy Resources
planning, Haw. Comm ’ north on Water Res. Mgmt. ( last visited, April 2010 ) ( Online tools and resources addressing Hawaii ’ s drinking water system provision )
federal Climate Change Adaptation Task Force, Council on Envt ’ liter. Quality ( survive visited, March 2013 )
Center for Island Climate Adaptation & Policy, Univ. of Haw. Sea Grant College ( last visited, April 2013 )
Jesse K. Souki, Climate Change Adaptation for Haw., Presentation to SMPS Haw. chapter ( Oct. 2012 )
Dan Boylan, Insights-Climate Change, PBS Haw. ( Dec. 2011 )
final Report Relating to Global Warming, 2009 Haw. special Session, Act 20 ( Dec. 2011 )
Transp. Asset Climate Change Risk Assessment Report, Oahu Metropolitan Planning Organization ( Dec. 2, 2011 )
The Rain Follows the Forest, A Plan to Replenish Hawaii ’ s Source of Water, Haw. Dep ’ thyroxine of Land & Natural Res. ( Nov. 2011 )
Climate Change Initiatives in Haw. ( 2011 )
report to the Legislature in response to Act 20 Special Session 2009 relating to global heating ( December 2009 )
A Framework for Climate Change Adaptation in Haw. ( November 2009 )
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Climate Change Initiatives in Haw. ( 2008 )
Hawaii Climate Change Action Plan, Hawaii Dep ’ t of Bus., Econ. Devel. & Tourism ( November 1998 )
Effects on Haw. of a Worldwide Rise in Sea Level Induced By the “ Greenhouse Effect, ” Dep ’ thymine of Planning & Econ. Devel. ( a report in reply to Senate Resolution 137, 1984 )