Poison Dart Frog

Anatomy

Poison dart frogs are one of the planet ’ s most brilliantly colored animals. Depending on the species, they can be yellow, copper, aureate, red, blue, green, blacken or a combination of those colors. Their showy colors and startling designs help warn predators of the risk they impose—a defense mechanism mechanism known as “ aposematic coloration. ” Within their clamber, they store lifelike venom that can paralyze, or even kill, a predator. The Dendrobatidae family of frogs includes some of the world ’ s most toxic species. The golden poison dart frog, for exemplar, contains adequate poison to kill 10 pornographic men. autochthonal cultures, such as the Chocó people of Colombia, have used these frogs ’ poison for centuries to coat the tip of their blow darts before hunting—a custom that inspired the frogs ’ coarse name. Despite their awful traits, they are relatively little and normally grow to be merely one to two inches ( 2.5 to 5 cm ) long .

Habitat

Poison dart frogs can be found in the tropical rainforests of Central and South America. Unlike many early amphibians, poison dart frogs are diurnal. Most species are mundane but a few are arboreal.

Diet

Poison flit frogs are insectivores, preferring to eat ants and other small insects that they can hunt among the leaf litter of the forest floor. It is believed that the toxins in the frogs ’ bodies may be related to the type and come of insects that they consume.

Threats

due to their toxicity, poison dart frogs have alone one natural marauder — the Leimadophis epinephelus, a species of snake that has developed a resistance to their malice. Far more damaging to the species is the destruction of their habitat. many poison dart frog species are facing a decline in numbers, and some have been classified as endangered due to the loss of their rainforest habitat.

Reading: Poison Dart Frog

Did You Know

many species of poison dart frogs are identical heedful parents. The females will lay 30 to 40 eggs encased in a gelatinous means on the forest floor. When they hatch, the tadpoles will squirm onto the parent ’ sulfur back, where they will be dependable from predators until the parents find a desirable little, safe pool of water system for them to continue their transfiguration. Often these parents choose the bantam pools of body of water held within bromeliads, and depository a few tadpoles in each pool. Every few days, the female will return to these pools to deposit respective sterile eggs which provide nutrition for the grow young, who reach their full size within two to three months .

Sources

  • Jukofsky, Diane. Encyclopedia of Rainforests. Connecticut: Oryx Press, 2002.
  • National Geographic
  • Smithsonian National Zoo
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