This separate is counterproductive and dangerous, specially for coastal villages, farmers, small island nations and other communities at the frontlines of climate impacts. The reality is that adaptation and extenuation are two sides of the same coin. In fact, methods and technologies that both curb climate change and cope with its impacts already exist .
It is not constantly potential or practical to work entirely on actions that are both adaptive and mitigate. Nor are these actions a silver bullet to solving the climate crisis. Simply put, where they make sense, governments and communities should pursue such actions. Below are five solutions that can both curb climate change and help us cope with its impacts at the like time :
1. Protect Coastal Wetlands
Salt marshes, mangroves and seagrasses are unique coastal ecosystems that serve as natural water filtration systems and marine habitats. They defend coasts against sea level rise by buffering ramp surges and floodwaters, and store tons of carbon in their roots and soils. Mangrove forests presently hold the equivalent of more than two years of global emissions, which would be released into the standard atmosphere and worsen the effects of climate exchange if these forests are destroyed.
Increasing protected coastal wetlands and recovering about 40 % of the ecosystem ’ south ball-shaped coverage by 2050 could mitigate one gigaton of CO2 per year — over three years of emissions. Efforts to maintain coastal wetlands must include local communities that rely on these ecosystems for their homes and livelihoods. Countries like Fiji and Papua New Guinea have successful experiences around community-based conservation and education to manage these wetlands and support the development of surrounding communities .
2. Promote the Benefits of Sustainable Agroforestry
With land function changes from forestry and agriculture accounting for about 25 % of anthropogenetic greenhouse boast emissions, it ’ randomness gain that current country management schemes need to change. Agroforestry practices integrate diverse trees or shrubs with crops and livestock. In detail, pastures with trees can sequester five to 10 times more carbon paper than unwooded areas of the lapp size. Farmers can besides be more generative by growing crops and raising livestock simultaneously using significantly less state. Diversifying crops and including livestock on these lands can give farmers extra sources of income and reduce the risks to livelihoods caused by climate change and unpredictable upwind. Expanding the practice of this method to 554 million acres globally, estimated to require an investment of $ 41.6 billion, could help farmers realize $ 699 billion in fiscal gains from gross diversification .
Adding trees to farms and pastures allows farmers to diversify their income while their land absorbs more carbon paper. photograph by USDA/Flickr .
3. Decentralize Energy Distribution
Climate variability will negatively impact countries ’ electricity transmission and distribution infrastructure. At the lapp meter, development and population increase are increasing energy demand and usage. Centralized energy systems — with big power plants and infrastructure connected over farseeing distances — are more vulnerable to climate change since disruptions at one point in the organization can affect the entire network .
Decentralized systems — much powered by renewable energy, with shorter transmission lines and smaller distribution areas — are more climate-resilient. In the event of a disaster, a residential district with its own decentralized energy add international relations and security network ’ t affected by ability outages in other areas. Smaller, more accomplishable baron sources can besides recover from disasters more quickly. Low-carbon technologies such as solar panels and batteries can besides provide authentic, clean energy to critical services, like hospitals in distant areas that aren ’ thymine already connected to the grid or have frequent power outages.
Installing solar panels on rural health clinics like this one in Rwanda can make health services more bouncy to extreme weather. photograph by Walt Ratternman/Sunepi .
4. Secure Indigenous Peoples’ Land Rights
Indigenous and local anesthetic communities manage about 50 % of down on the planet, which up to 2.5 billion people depend on for their livelihoods. These communities have practiced adaptation principles on their lands over generations, developing a deep body of traditional cognition that can help others understand how to adapt to a changing environment .
What ’ s more, places where autochthonal people have legal rights to their estate have at least two times lower deforestation rates than like areas without procure tenure, as seen in Bolivia, Brazil and Colombia. autochthonal people and local anesthetic communities have protected forests that hold a quarter of all above-ground carbon in tropical forests. Yet these communities legally own less than one-fifth of this domain. Securing autochthonal peoples ’ rights will ensure they can hold onto their domain, protect natural resources and better sustain their livelihoods in the font of climate change .
5. Improve Mass Transit
Road transport accounts for 72 % of ball-shaped transportation-related emissions, a share which will continue to grow unless more low-carbon fare options become available and accessible. Transportation infrastructure is besides extremely vulnerable to climate change impacts like storms and extreme heat. Disruptions to the network due to extreme upwind will disproportionately affect low-income people and other vulnerable urban populations who have fewer mobility options. resilient, low-carbon mass theodolite addresses both challenges .
Expanding urban public department of transportation by 40 % by 2050 could decrease the project total of cars on the road and avoid 6.6 gigatons of carbon emissions. Retrofitting and designing multitude transit to withstand climate risks such as natural disasters, sea degree upgrade or extreme heat ensures these transmit options are safe and dependable in the long-run. These improvements can influence custom and better suit future growth.
Cities like Rome and Buenos Aires have integrated extra adaptation measures like heat-proofing buses and greening stops and routes to improve the commute experience. Increased public exile besides has the lend benefits of relieving traffic congestion, reducing accidents and fatalities, and improving air out quality .
Improved buses and stations in Buenos Aires encourage residents to choose low-carbon public conveyance, even as temperatures rise. photograph by Government of Buenos Aires City .
Prioritizing Climate Solutions that Multitask
These are merely some examples of climate actions that address both adaptation and moderation simultaneously. many others exist and can accommodate different sectors, ecosystems, countries and communities. The climate crisis is massive and pressing. Given specify fund, resources and attention that can be allocated to solving it, policymakers need to prioritize such integrated efforts .