As a particular education teacher, separate of my job was helping students who had a diagnosed memorize disability entree the general education course of study, so I frequently found myself co-teaching with a mathematics or english teacher. When students with memorize differences are placed in the general education classroom, they often receive accommodations and services. however, when those accommodations are paired with—and constrained by—a traditional, inflexible course of study, the solution can be the face-to-face of inclusion, in my experience. Humans have a tendency to fall into patterns of behavior. For teachers, that means that if we ’ rhenium not careful, we begin to teach things the same way every year. This is comfortable for us, but it can result in a rigid course of study that may not work for all students—and traditional classrooms are curriculum-centered already, not easily adapted to the differing needs of individual students. alternatively, students are required to adapt to the course of study .
3 Ways to Implement Universal Design for Learning
1. Teach content in many ways: In a traditional classroom, planning for the lesson is done with the “ typical ” student in mind. Often, there is one way for all students to learn the material, such as a call on the carpet or a chute presentation .
rather, try to plan the lesson with all students in mind. survey students to find out what they already know and questions they have about the new subject. Use that information to scaffold direction and make lessons more relevant to students. You can besides vary the methods that you use to deliver the steer education helping of your lesson—try showing a demonstration or video trot for one lesson, and have students participate in stations or listen to a podcast for another .
If potential, use more than one modality within a lesson, and think about supports that students may need for learning. If students are moving around the room, have distinctly defined procedures and a goal at each learning center. If they ’ rhenium listen to you or a podcast, it may be helpful to provide an delineate where they can add notes or sketch visuals while they listen. If they ’ re read text, you can allow them to collaborator read or use engineering to adjust the font and text size.
2. Provide choices to sustain student engagement: allow students to choose an bodily process. For guide practice, they could decide whether to answer questions independently and welcome feedback, play a game, do a function play, or practice in a group. To demonstrate their reason of a concept, they could decide whether to create a poster or construct a model, write a paper, make a video or podcast, or do a presentation. Making choices allows them to relate to the content in a way that sparks their interest .
Teachers can frequently offer students other choices in the classroom, beyond instruction. For example, you may be able to provide elastic seating, allowing students to choose a quiet area of the classroom to finish up an assignment on their own, or to sit at tables for group exercise, or to grab a buttocks at a computer to watch a video, print a new worksheet, or read a digital casebook .
3. Provide accommodations for all students: alternatively of providing accommodations only to students with an IEP or a 504 plan, think about accommodations that such students frequently need and make them available to all students .
For model, if you frequently have students who need a transcript of the notes, using a site like Blackboard or Google Classroom to post each skid presentation and assignment makes it easier for everyone to access those materials. Students who are absent, lose their copy, or have trouble taking notes can use the on-line notes and documents. Having documents available on-line besides makes it easier for parents, special education teachers, and paraeducators to help students without making excess work for the teacher.
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Another exemplar would be teaching students to use a release text proofreader like the Read and Write extension for Google Chrome or a voice-to-text tool like those available in Google Documents. Students may choose not to use them, but they ’ re a well choice for students who happen to retain information better when they hear it or who have a disability that interferes with write .
Universal Design for Learning allows teaching to become student-centered by creating a more welcome and flexible classroom environment and a course of study that is more accessible to all students. elastic direction should lead the student to be more personally accountable for their eruditeness : alternatively of the teacher expecting all students to learn in one way, the student sets their own goals for how they will learn the command fabric .
The scholar becomes an expert not barely on the content but on how they learn. Once the content has faded from their memory, this is the skill that will allow them to acquire the cognition necessary for whatever enterprise they decide to pursue.