Windows server 2019 Step-By-Step: Setup Active Directory environment using PowerShell – TechNet Articles – United States (English) – TechNet Wiki

Introduction

This article helps to Install / setup the active directory environment using windows server 2019 using PowerShell / PowerShell config file .

Prerequisites

  1. Install Windows server 2019 Standard / Data center on a Hardware.
  2. Active Directory Topology
  3. Make sure Active directory ports are open.
  4. Patch the Server with the latest Windows Updates and hot-fix.
  5. Assign the static IP address to Domain Controller
  6. Install Active directory domain services (ADDS) Role on the server.
  7. Configure ADDS according to requirement.
  8. Evaluate the windows event logs to validate the health of ADDS installation and configuration
  9. Configure Service and Performance Monitoring
  10. ADDS Backup / DR Configuration

Active Directory Topology


In my sample environment, example.com will be the forest root domain. The first domain controller installs on the forest will hold all five FSMO roles. Once additional domain controllers are in place you can place them inapposite locations.

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Active Directory Port Details

In my sample environment, example.com will be the forest root sphere. The first world accountant installs on the forest will hold all five FSMO roles. Once extra domain controllers are in home you can place them inapposite locations.

active Directory communications constitute of the issue of ports, below table explains ports with its details .

Active Directory Default Ports

port type description
135 TCP/UDP RPC end point plotter
137 TCP/UDP NetBIOS name service
138 UDP NetBIOS datagram service
139 transmission control protocol NetBIOS session service
445 TCP/UDP SMB over IP ( Microsoft-DS )
389 TCP/ UDP LDAP
636 transmission control protocol LDAP over SSL
3268 transmission control protocol ball-shaped catalog LDAP
3269 transmission control protocol global catalogue LDAP over SSL
88 TCP/ UDP Kerberos
53 TCP/ UDP DNS
1512 TCP/ UDP WINS resolution
42 TCP/ UDP WINS replication
Dynamically-assigned ports, unless restricted transmission control protocol RPC

Active Directory Replication

port type description
135 transmission control protocol RPC end point plotter
389 TCP/UDP LDAP
636 transmission control protocol LDAP over SSL
3268 transmission control protocol global catalog LDAP
3269 transmission control protocol global catalog LDAP over SSL
53 TCP/UDP DNS
88 TCP/UDP Kerberos
445 transmission control protocol SMB over IP ( Microsoft-DS )
RPC transmission control protocol Dynamically-assigned ports ( unless restricted )

Active Directory Authentication

port character description
445 TCP/UDP SMB over IP ( Microsoft-DS )
88 TCP/UDP Kerberos
389 UDP LDAP
53 TCP/UDP DNS
RPC

transmission control protocol Dynamically-assigned ports ( unless restricted )

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Installation Steps

Step 1: Login as Local Admin

To start the shape, log in to Windows server 2019 waiter as the local administrator .

Step 2: IP Config

We already changed the name of the server to a meaningful one. then need to check the IP config. in my initial shape, it shows DHCP IP .
We need to change it to electrostatic first, with PowerShell

Step 3: Static IP

To set the static IP, we can use below PowerShell command .

 

New-NetIPAddress` -InterfaceIndex 4 -IPAddress 192.168.61.100 -PrefixLength 24 DefaultGateway 192.168.61.2`

notice : here we assigned IP based on my network prerequisite. Hence use the IP address according to your infrastructure .

Step 4: Find InterfaceIndex

In above, InterfaceIndex can find using Get-NetIPAddress command .

Step 5 : DNS

next step is to set DNS Ip addresses. The primary district of columbia besides going to act as DC so we need to set it as the prefer DNS. We can do this using below command .

 

Set-DnsClientServerAddress -InterfaceIndex 4 -ServerAddresses ("192.168.61.100","8.8.8.8")

After config, we can verify it using ipconfig /all .

Step 6: Install AD-DS Role

Before the AD configuration process, we need to install the AD-DS Role in the given server. In regulate to do that we can use the Following command .

 

Install-WindowsFeature –Name AD-Domain-Services –IncludeManagementTools`

eminence : boot is not required to complete the function serve installations .

now we have the AD-DS function installed, the adjacent step is to proceed with the configuration

Step 7:AD-DS Configuration

Below is the power-shell configuration file / script for configuring the ADDS .

Install-ADDSForest `

 

  

-DomainName
"example.com"
`

 

  

-CreateDnsDelegation:$false ` 

 

  

-DatabasePath
"C:\Windows\NTDS"

 

  

-DomainMode
"7"

 

  

-DomainNetbiosName
"example"

 

  

-ForestMode
"7"

 

  

-InstallDns:$true ` 

 

  

-LogPath
"C:\Windows\NTDS"

 

  

-NoRebootOnCompletion:$True ` 

 

  

-SysvolPath
"C:\Windows\SYSVOL"

 

  

-Force:$true


Following explain the Power-Shell arguments and what it will do. Install-WindowsFeature
This cmdlet will allow to install windows function, function services or windows feature in la ocal server or remote server. It is similar to using windows waiter coach to install those .

IncludeManagementTools

This cmdlet will allow to install windows character, role services or windows feature in local server or remote server. It is exchangeable to using windows server coach to install those .
This will install the management tools for the choose character service .
This cmdlet will allow to setup a newfangled active directory afforest .

  • DomainName: This parameter defines the FQDN for the active directory domain.
  • CreateDnsDelegation Using this parameter can define whether to create DNS delegation that reference active directory integrated DNS.
  • DatabasePath; this parameter will use to define the folder path to store the active directory database file (Ntds.dit).
  • DomainMode: This parameter will specify the active directory domain functional level. In above I have used mode 7 which is windows server 2016. Windows Server 2019 doesn’t have separate domain functional level.
  • DomainNetbiosName This defines the NetBIOS name for the forest root domain.
  • ForestMode; This parameter will specify the active directory forest functional level. In above I have used mode 7 which is windows server 2016. Windows Server 2016 doesn’t have separate forest functional level.
  • InstallDns: Using this can specify whether DNS role need to install with the active directory domain controller. For new forest, it is the default requirement to set it to $true.
  • LogPath: Log path can use to specify the location to save domain log files.
  • SysvolPath
  • SysvolPath | This is to define the SYSVOL folder path. Default location for it will be C:\Windows
  • NoRebootOnCompletion: By default, the system will restart the server after domain controller configuration. using this command can prevent the automatic system restart.
  • Force: This parameter will force command to execute by ignoring the warning. It is typical for the system to pass the warning about best practices and recommendations.

Step 8 : Prompt for the Safe Mode Admin Pass

After executing the command it will prompt for the Safe Mode Administrator Password. This is to use in Directory Services Restore Mode (DSRM).
After executing the command it will prompt for the Safe Mode Administrator Password. This is to use in Directory Services Restore Mode ( DSRM ). Make certain to use the complex password ( According to windows password complexity recommendations ). failure to do sol will stop the shape .

Step 9 : Reboot & Login

When configuration complete, reboot the domain controller and log back in as domain administrator. 

Step
10 : Confirm the Installation

To confirm the successful installation of the services.

 

Get-Service adws,kdc,netlogon,dns

When shape complete, reboot the sphere restrainer and log back in angstrom sphere administrator.To confirm the successful facility of the services. Above command will list down the condition of the active directory related services running on the world restrainer .

Step 11 : Run Get-ADDomainController

It will list down all the configuration details of the domain controller. 

Step 12 : Run Get-ADDomain example.com

It will list down all the shape details of the domain control. It will list down the details about the active directory knowledge domain.

Step 13 : List The AD Forest Details

same way Get-ADForest example.com will list down the active directory forest details .

Step 14 : Check if DC Sharing The SYSVOL Folder

Get-smbshare SYSVOL will show if the world restrainer sharing the SYSVOL folder .
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Conclusion

As we can see AD DS components are installed and configured successfully. This marks the end of this post. Please feel free to rate this article.

References

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Glossary

Item Description
SYSVOL SYSTEM VOLUME
DC Domain Controller
AD DS  Active Directory Domain Services
DNS Domain Name System
FQDN Fully Qualified Domain Name
DSRM  Directory Services Restore Mode
KDC
  Key Distribution Center 
LDAP Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
NTDS  NT Directory Services
IP  Internet Protocol
FSMO Flexible Single-Master Operation

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Other Languages

As we can see AD DS components are installed and configured successfully. This marks the end of this post. Please feel barren to pace this article .

source : https://thefartiste.com
Category : Tech

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