How to set static IP address
sometimes, it ’ south better to assign a personal computer it ’ randomness own IP address quite than letting your router assign one mechanically. Join us as we take a search at assigning a static IP cover in Windows .
Static vs. Automatic IP Addressing
right now, the IP addresses for your PCs and other devices are credibly assigned mechanically by your router using a procotol known as Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol ( DHCP ). It ’ s a handy means for devices to connect to your network more well, because you don ’ t have to configure IP addressing for each raw device yourself. The downside to automatic address is that it ’ s potential for a device ’ sulfur IP address to change from time to clock time. by and large, that ’ s not a big deal, but there are times that you might want a device to have a static, unchanging IP address. For case :
- You have a device (like a home media server, say) that you want to be able to find reliably and you (or other devices) prefer to locate it by IP address. Using IP addresses is often much handier when troubleshooting your network, for example.
- You have certain apps that can only connect to network devices using their IP address. In particular, many older networking apps suffer this limitation.
- You forward ports through your router to devices on your network. Some routers play nice with port forwarding and dynamic IP addresses; others do not.
Whatever your rationality, assigning static IP addresses to devices is not unmanageable, but you do have a choice to make—whether to do it from the router or on the device itself.
Assign Static IP Addresses Via Your Router
While this article covers assigning static IP addresses to PCs within Windows itself, there is another way to go about it. many routers allow you to assign a consortium of IP addresses that are handed out to specific devices ( based on the device ’ s physical, or MAC address ). This method offers a couple of significant advantages :
- IP addresses are still managed by the router, meaning that you won’t have to make (and keep up with) changes on each individual device.
- It’s easier to assign addresses within the same IP address pool your router uses.
With all that in mind, though, let ’ s take a look at how to assign static IP addresses within Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8, and 10 .
Set a Static IP Address in Windows 7, 8, or 10
To change the computer ’ s IP address in Windows, you ’ ll want to open the “ Network Connections ” windowpane. Hit Windows+R, type “ ncpa.cpl ” into the Run box, and then hit Enter . In the “ Network Connections ” windowpane, right-click the adapter for which you want to set a electrostatic IP address, and then select the “ Properties ” command . In the properties window for the adapter, choose “ Internet Protocol Version 4 ( TCP/IPv4 ) ” and then click the “ Properties ” button . Select the “ Use the keep up IP address ” option, and then type in the IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway that corresponds with your network setup. following, type in your prefer and surrogate DNS server addresses. finally, select the “ Validate settings upon exit ” choice so that Windows immediately checks your raw IP address and corresponding information to ensure that it works. When you ’ re fix, click the “ OK ” button . And then close out of the network arranger ’ randomness properties window . Windows automatically runs network diagnostics to verify that the connection is good. If there are problems, Windows will give you the option of running the Network troubleshooting sorcerer. however, if you do run into trouble, the sorcerer probably won ’ t do you besides much good. It ’ sulfur better to check that your settings are valid and try again .
Set a Static IP Address in Windows Vista
Changing your information science from DHCP to a inactive address in Vista is exchangeable to other versions of Windows, but getting to the right localization is a bite different. Open the Start Menu, right-click on Network, and choose Properties.
The Network and Sharing Center opens…click on Manage network connections . Right-click on the network arranger you want to assign an IP address and click Properties . Highlight Internet Protocol Version 4 ( TCP/IPv4 ) then click the Properties button . now change the IP, Subnet dissemble, Default Gateway, and DNS Server Addresses. When you ’ re finished click OK . You ’ ll need to close out of Local Area Connection Properties for the settings to go into consequence . Open the Command Prompt and use the
ipconfig instruction to verify that the changes were successful .
Set a Static IP Address in Windows XP
To set a inactive IP in Windows XP, right-click the “ My Network Places ” picture, and then select “ Properties. ” Right-click the arranger for which you want to set the IP, and then select “ Properties ” from the context menu . Select the “ Internet Protocol ( TCP/IP ) ” entrance, and then click the “ Properties ” clitoris.
Select the “ Use the postdate IP address ” option. type in the IP address, subnet mask, nonpayment gateway, and DNS waiter addresses you want to use. When you ’ re finished, click the “ OK ” button . You will need to close out of the arranger ’ mho properties window before the changes go into effect . And you can verify your new settings by using the
ipconfig control at the command prompt .