Getting Started With Ubuntu Server: A Step-by-Step Guide

motivation to set up a server ? here ‘s what you need to know about installing Ubuntu Server on any car. Ubuntu server has many accolades to its appoint, and its popularity continues to touch the pinnacles of success, given its musical composition of containers and compatibility with the defile. This simple, however detailed guide, will cover everything a founder needs to know about installing an Ubuntu server on their machine .
Read on to find out why the server is important, how you can use it, and much more .

What Is Ubuntu Server?

If you are a novitiate, and however raw to the universe of Linux, you would probably be wondering what the bicker is all about. Ubuntu Server is a server operating system ( OS ), which is developed and owned by Canonical .
Ubuntu Server is compatible with different architecture types, which means it can run seamlessly on the follow :

  • x86
  • x86-64
  • ARM v7
  • ARM64
  • POWER8, and
  • IBM System z mainframes via LinuxONE

Ubuntu waiter has four main requirements and your system should meet the pursuit criteria :

  • RAM: 4GB memory
  • CPU: 2GHz dual core processor
  • Storage: Minimum 25GB disk space
  • USB Drive: Minimum 4GB USB drive

Installing Ubuntu Server on Your Machine

To install Ubuntu Server, begin by downloading and creating the facility media. You can then proceed to install Ubuntu Server on your waiter machine .

Step 1: Download the Installation Media

  1. As a first step, you need to visit the Ubuntu Server download page and select Option 2 – Manual Server Installation. The latest version is Ubuntu 20.04, which was released on April 23, 2020. This is a Long-Term Support (LTS) version, so accordingly, Linux will provide support and updates until April 2025.
  2. Download the corresponding ISO file which will be used create the installation media.  Download Ubuntu Server

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Step 2: Create a Bootable USB

If your system has a DVD drive, you can burn the ISO file to disc. alternatively, you can create a bootable USB drive for installing Ubuntu Server. This example uses Ubuntu desktop .

  • Connect your USB storage to your PC
  • On Ubuntu desktop, use the bottom left icon to open Show Applications menu
  • In the search field, enter “startup” and select Startup Disk Creator
  • If Startup Disk Creator doesn’t automatically find the ISO file in your Downloads folder, click Other to browse for it.
  • Ensure the correct target drive is selected under Disk to use, then click Make Startup Disk, confirming when prompted.

That ’ s it ; the bootable version of Ubuntu on a USB stick is now available for facility .

Step 3: Set the Boot Order

Within the BIOS menu, blue-ribbon which devices should be checked for a bootable OS. The options include internal intemperate disks, USB repositing, and the CD/DVD-ROM drive ( where available ). Choose the device that matches how you set up the boot media above .
Most BIOS versions allow you to call up boot menus on start-up ; you can use the succeed key to pull it up, depending on the model you are using .

Manufacturer Name Booting keys
ASUS F8 or Esc
Compaq F9 or Esc
eMachines F12
HP F9 or Esc
Samsung F2, F12 or Esc
Acer F12, F9 or Esc
Dell F12
Fujitsu F12
Lenovo F8, F10 or F12
Toshiba F12

Insert the Ubuntu Server facility that you created. Switch on the computer and wait for it to boot from the USB driveway .

Step 4: Choose Your

I

nstallation

V

ersion

Selecting the right installation option
Select Install Ubuntu Server option from the list of options. You can navigate through the options with the arrow key. Press Enter to select the desire option .
Note: In subject you have a NVIDIA graphics circuit board installed on your system, you can select Install Ubuntu Server (safe graphics) option from this list alternatively .

Step 5: Select the Language

Select preferred language
Select your favored language ; wardrobe Enter .
Selecting installation option
If there is a newfangled installer update available, the setup screen will show the option to use the erstwhile installer, or update to a new installer .
choice from the following options :

  • Update to the new installer
  • Continue without updating

Depending on what option you choose, the installer will take you to the next blind .
For the time being, for purposes of facility, let ’ s continue with the second base choice, Continue without updating .

Step 7: Choose a Keyboard Layout

Selecting keyboard prior to installation
Select the prefer keyboard layout. alternatively, you can besides choose Identify your keyboard to select the keyboard mechanically. Select Done, followed by Enter .

Step 8: Configuring Network Interfaces

Select network connections
To make the server installation a achiever, at least one network interface needs to be configured, to allow the server to communicate with early systems on the network .
If an Ethernet cable is connected to your Ubuntu Server device, select the eth option. For Wi-Fi connectivity, choose the interface with a DHCP IP cover expose. note that by selecting this option you can besides switch it to a inactive IP .
Select Done, followed by Enter .

Step 9: Configure Proxy Details to Connect to the Internet

Add proxy details to connect to the Internet
In subject you have proxy details, you can enter the details on this blind. If not, leave it blank .
Select Done, followed by Enter .

Step 10: Configure Ubuntu Archive Mirror

Select alternate mirror archive
A default option mirror is selected mechanically for you. In case you don ’ t want to set a default option address, you have the option of selecting an alternative .
Select Done, followed by Enter .

Step 11: Choose the Storage Configurations

Select disk partitions
On this sieve, there are two options :

  • Use an entire disk: Selecting this option will erase the entire hard disk and automatically partition the drive for you. Please make sure you don’t have any valuable information stored previously, as you won’t be able to retrieve this information once the partitions are created.
  • Custom storage layout: This option is solely for intermediate and advanced users, and lets you set up partitions and choose one for installing Ubuntu Server. Avoid this if you are new to installing server operating systems.

Select Done, followed by Enter .
Confirm installation storage
On the subsequent screen, there is a compendious of changes which will be made to the system. Review the system configurations, and make changes, as necessary .
Select Done, followed by Enter.

Confirm installation location
On the next screen, the installer will show a pop fly which asks a final ratification for beginning the facility work. If you are sure everything is as per requirements, choice Continue, or No, as the case might be .

Step 12: Configure Your Profile

Enter profile details for the server
once the installation is completed, the adjacent screen will ask you for the come details :

  • Your name
  • Your server’s name
  • Pick a username
  • Choose a password
  • Confirm your password

Be certain to give the Ubuntu Server a sensible name so you can easily find it on the net. besides, use a password that is both guarantee and memorable .
Select Done, followed by Enter .

Step 13: SSH Setup

Install OpenSSH Server
Ubuntu gives you an option to securely access your server remotely by setting up OpenSSH server details. You have the option of importing an SSH identity key from GitHub or Launchpad, if you like .
If you don ’ t want to import a key, choice Done, followed by Enter .

Install snaps on Ubuntu Server
There are some popular snaps, which can be installed on the waiter post initiation. Each one has a description so you know what it is for .
Select the compulsory snaps, followed by Done and Enter .

Step 15: Installation Complete

Ubuntu Server installation complete
Ubuntu will finish installing the remaining aspects of the waiter. deoxyadenosine monophosphate soon as it ’ mho done with the installation, select the Reboot choice .
Read More : Ubuntu Server vs. Ubuntu Desktop
A word of caution: Remove the USB tug from the car, before selecting the Reboot option. Otherwise, Ubuntu might start reinstalling everything as you ability the machine up .
If you are not seeing anything besides the log screen, compress insert a few times .

Step 16: Log Into Ubuntu Server

Enter login details
The system will ask for your login details and password. Enter the details set up in the previous footstep. If you are able to log in and are seeing the system information sieve, you have successfully installed Ubuntu server 20.04 LTS on your machine .

Are You Ready to Install Ubuntu 20.04 on Your Machine?

The steps above are preferably childlike, and if you follow them to the tee, you besides can install Ubuntu server on your machine, without a hitchhike. If you are a founder, these steps should ease you into the serve of handling Ubuntu installation and make your life easier, whenever you need to reinstall the newly server adaptation, as and when it ’ south available .

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Sahil Khurana
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