How to Enable OpenSSH Server in Windows 10

As you may already know, Windows 10 includes built-in SSH software – both a client and a server ! In this article, we will see how to enable the SSH Server.
ad note : The OpenSSH Server app will allow you to establish a connection to your computer using the SSH protocol. It wo n’t allow you to access early computers on your network. To connect to early computers, you should install the OpenSSH Client With Windows 10, Microsoft has last listened to its users after years of them requesting an SSH node and waiter. By including an OpenSSH implementation, the prize of the OS increases.

At the here and now of this writing, the OpenSSH software included in Windows 10 is at a BETA stage. This means it can have some stability issues. The provide SSH server is similar to the Linux app. At inaugural glance, it appears to support the same features as its *NIX counterpart. It is a console app, but it works as a Windows Service. Let ‘s see how to enable the OpenSSH server in Windows 10 .

Enable the OpenSSH Server in Windows 10

  1. Open the Settings app and go to Apps -> Apps & features.
  2. On the right, click Manage optional features.Apps And Features Manage Optional Link Windows 10
  3. On the next page, click the button Add a feature.Add A Feature Button
  4. In the list of features, select OpenSSH Server and click on the Install button.Windows 10 Install SSH ServerWindows 10 Installing SSH Server
  5. Restart Windows 10.

This will install the OpenSSH Server software in Windows 10. Its binary star files are located under the booklet c:\windows\system32\Openssh. Besides the SSH client apps, the booklet contains the comply server tools :

  • sftp-server.exe
  • ssh-agent.exe
  • ssh-keygen.exe
  • sshd.exe
  • and the config file “sshd_config”.

The SSH waiter is configured to run as a avail .Sshd Service Windows 10 At the moment of this writing, it does n’t start automatically. You need to configure it manually .

How to Start the OpenSSH Server in Windows 10

  1. Double-click the sshd entry in Services to open its properties.
  2. On the “Log On” tab, see the user account which is used by the sshd server. In my case, it is NT Service\sshd.Sshd Service User Account Windows 10
  3. Now, open an elevated command prompt.
  4. Go to the c:\windows\system32\Openssh directory using the command cd c:\windows\system32\Openssh.
  5. Here, run the command ssh-keygen -A to generate security keys for the sshd server.Sshd Server Generate Keys
  6. Now, in the elevated command prompt, type explorer.exe . to launch File Explorer in the OpenSSH folder.
  7. Update: Microsoft has published a tutorial which makes the right assignment process very simple.
    Open PowerShell as Administrator and execute these commands:
    Install-Module -Force OpenSSHUtils
    Repair-SshdHostKeyPermission -FilePath C:\Windows\System32\OpenSSH\ssh_host_ed25519_key

    That ‘s it ! All the want permissions are set .

  8. Alternatively, you can perform these steps.
    Right-click the ssh_host_ed25519_key file and change its ownership to the sshd service user, e.g. NT Service\sshd.Sshd Change Key File Ownership
  9. Click “Add” and add the permission “Read” for the user “NT Service\sshd”. Now, remove all other permissions to get something like this:Sshd Change Key File PermissionsClick “Apply” and confirm the operation.
  10. Finally, open Services (Press the Win + R keys and type services.msc in the Run box) and start the sshd service. It should start:
    Sshd Service Is Running
  11. Allow the SSH port in Windows Firewall. By default, the server is using port 22. Run this command in an elevated command prompt: netsh advfirewall firewall add rule name="SSHD Port" dir=in action=allow protocol=TCP localport=22Sshd Service Open Port For Microsoft has supplied the following alternative command for PowerShell:
    New-NetFirewallRule -Name sshd -DisplayName 'OpenSSH Server (sshd)' -Service sshd -Enabled True -Direction Inbound -Protocol TCP -Action Allow -Profile Domain
  12. Finally, set a password for your user account if you don’t have it.

now, you can try it in action .

Connecting to the SSH Server in Windows 10

Open your ssh customer. You can start it on the lapp calculator, e.g. using the built-in OpenSSH node or start it from another calculator on your network. In the general encase, the syntax for the OpenSSH console table customer is as follows :

ssh username@host -p port

In my case, the command looks as follows :

ssh winaero@

Where winaero is my Windows user name and is the IP address of my Windows 10 personal computer. I will connect to it from another personal computer, running Arch Linux.

Windows 10 Connect To Built In Sshd Server 1 last, you are in !Windows 10 Connect To Built In Sshd Server 2 The server runs classical Windows console commands, e.g. more, type, five, copy .Windows 10 Connect To Built In Sshd Server 3 But I can not run FAR Manager. It appears black and whiten and bankrupt :Windows 10 Connect To Built In Sshd Server 4 Another interest observation : You can start GUI apps like internet explorer. If you are signed in to the same drug user score that you use for SSH, they will start on the background. See :Windows 10 Connect To Built In Sshd Server 5 well, the built-in SSH server is decidedly an interest thing to play with. It allows you to manage a Windows machine without installing tools like rdesktop on your Linux computer, or even changing Windows settings from a Linux calculator which has no X server installed. As of this write, the built-in SSH server in Windows 10 is at a BETA phase, so it should get more interest and become a utilitarian sport in the near future. Support us Winaero greatly relies on your support. You can help the site keep bring you interest and utilitarian subject and software by using these options : If you like this article, please plowshare it using the buttons below. It wo n’t take a distribute from you, but it will help us grow. Thanks for your hold !


generator : Sergey Tkachenko

Sergey Tkachenko is a software developer from Russia who started Winaero back in 2011. On this web log, Sergey is writing about everything connected to Microsoft, Windows and popular software. Follow him on Telegram, Twitter, and YouTube. View all posts by Sergey Tkachenko

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