How to Repair a Bad Power Plug

It ’ s such a common occurrence that you ’ ve credibly experienced it firsthand. The power adapter plug that goes into your notebook computer starts to become flaky. You have to wiggle the cord, twist it into a certain position or put some tension on the cord by folding it under the computer in rate to get it to work. Power adapters can cost hundreds of dollars to replace, but they can often be repaired for dislodge if you already have the necessary materials .
The same thing can happen to the plug on any kind of might adapter, but it happens most frequently with notebook calculator ability supplies, particularly ones with coaxial cords. This is because people carry notebook computers and their power adapters with them all the prison term, and the ceaseless wrap and unwrap of the cord, combined with the handling of the plug, can cause it to fail. It ’ s not the plug that goes bad on a power adapter, but the cord itself, or more specifically, the connections between the cord and the chew fail. This happens often to headphones, excessively, but these are normally impossible to fix because of the kind of wire used ; fortunately they ’ re cheap to replace .
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The photograph above shows a typical coaxial power chew. At the factory, the wires coming from the cord are soldered and/or crimped to contacts on the metallic element part of the plug, and then a vinyl jacket is molded around the assembly to provide strength and to form a fascinate. excessively much flex of the cord causes the connections between the ballyhoo and cord to fail inside the determine jacket .
If you have a power adapter that works intermittently, particularly when you wiggle the plug, it ’ randomness more than likely that the wires have disconnected from the plug itself or that they ’ re shorting out ( touching each other ). Either way, the repair is the same. And by the way, you should stop wiggling the plug and either fix it or replace the world power arranger because wiggling the hack can damage the socket in your notebook calculator, and repairing that is a complicated and bad process .
It ’ sulfur constantly best if you can confirm where the trouble is before beginning a rectify. If you have a volt meter, it ’ s a bare count to check the output electric potential of the ballyhoo and see if it fluctuates as you wiggle the cord. If the electric potential doesn ’ thymine fluctuate, the socket in your notebook calculator could be damaged and, again, repairing that is complicated and hazardous .
sometimes the cord can fail correct where it exits the world power brick. If wiggling the cord there causes problems, there ’ s no motivation to repair the hack. But your only option might be to replace the might adapter because you would have to open up the adapter to make this haunt, and they ’ re not designed to be opened or serviced in any direction. If you ’ ra ambitious enough, you might be able to cut open the world power arranger, cut off the bad part of the cord and solder it back into place. even though you could do more injury than good, if the power arranger international relations and security network ’ triiodothyronine working, you ’ ve got nothing to lose .
If you ’ ve determined that the trouble is with the chew, you have to either replace the plug or repair the electrical connections to it. If you can find an demand replacement for the ballyhoo, say at Radio Shack™, you might be better off merely clipping the erstwhile one and soldering on a new one. equitable be surely to connect positive and negative correctly. Positive is normally the inner sleeve and damaging is the outer part of the ballyhoo. Before you do anything, though, make indisputable the ability arranger is not plugged into an AC exit .
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To repair the honest-to-god spark plug, you have to start by cutting off the jacket surrounding the reach points, as shown above. You can merely slice the jacket down its side with a razor blade and peel it off or cut the plug off and wiggle the metallic part out of the vinyl jacket. Either way, what ’ sulfur authoritative is that you not damage the alloy part of the hack, which will be reused. What ’ s even more significant is that you don ’ metric ton cut yourself when using a razor. Be careful ! You ’ ve been warned .
now you can cut the excess wire off the hack and cut the messy end off the cord. The fireplug used in these photos had the inner wire crimped into place—the denude wire is slipped inside the inner sleeve, which is then crimped ( crushed ) to hold the wire in place. To get the telegram out, it ’ sulfur best to “ un-crimp ” the sleeve by squeezing it back into a r-2 with needle-nose pliers. Just don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate wrong the sleeve. If the center wire is soldered in place you have to heat it up with a bonding iron and pull it out once the honest-to-god solder is melted. Be careful what you touch when using a solder iron. Things get hot. Don ’ metric ton burn yourself. Use pliers or tweezers when needed. The outer negative association is always soldered and you can simply heat up the solder and pull off the wire, or use solder wick, which keeps things neat .
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Solder wick is bland braided copper used to remove solder. You plainly place it over the old solder and press down on it with a hot solder iron. The wick will soak up the solder when it melt. then you cut off the use dowry of the wick and throw it aside. Solder wick, along with solder, soldering irons and other tools you might need may be purchased at Radio Shack™, hardware stores, and other places that carry electronic parts and compensate items .
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When you ’ re finished removing the old solder and wire from the plug it should look something like what you see above .
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It ’ randomness time to prepare the ends of the cord, as shown above. Cut the center wire down to roughly 1/2 edge and strip off about 1/8 inch of the insulator. Twist the outer wire together as shown and cut its distance down to about one edge. The duration of the wires is critical. The center cable should fit into the chew ’ second center sleeve and the out wire should reach the out share of the chew where the erstwhile distance of wire was soldered to it .
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next, slip the bare end of the center electrify into the inner sleeve and crimp the sleeve to hold it in position. You can use the wire-cutting yack of needle-nose pliers to do the crimp, but don ’ metric ton hug so hard that you cut right through it. You can solder the center wire alternatively, but don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate let it get excessively hot, as the plastic parts of the spark plug can melt, rendering it useless. nowadays slip a brusque length of heat-shrink tube over the expose out telegram and shrink it in place with a light, leaving at least 1/8 column inch of the wire publicize. This will prevent the outer wire from touching the inner conductor. You can use electrical videotape rather of heat-shrink tube, but the tube is much more efficient. It doesn ’ t take much heat to shrink the tube ; try not to burn it .
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immediately it ’ mho clock to solder the knocked out wire to the out part of the ballyhoo, as shown above. You might need three hands, a little vise or clamp to do this. Work neatly and don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate use besides much solder, which could create a light between the inner and out parts of the plug .
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All that ’ randomness left to do is to slip a larger assemble of heat-shrink tube over the plug and its contacts and shrink it in rate as shown above. The tube should cover depart of the insulation on the cord and the solder connection on the out separate of the punch .
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The tube stiffens as it shrinks, providing some intensity to the fabrication. even so, it ’ s a thoroughly theme to shrink another layer or two of tubing over the fabrication as shown above to provide even greater force to the repair. If you have a volt meter, you can use it to verify that the might adapter is now working properly. It should plug right into your calculator and work like new .
Things You’ll Need

  • Solder
  • Solder Wick
  • Razor Blade
  • Needle-Nose Pliers
  • Wire Strippers
  • Heat-Shrink Tubing or Electrical Tape
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Category : Tech

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