Managing File Systems and Drives in Windows Server 2008 | Microsoft Press Store

Wherever harrow resources are located, your job as a system administrator is to manage them. The tools and techniques you use to manage file systems and drives are discussed in this chapter from Windows Server 2008 Administrator ‘s Pocket Consultant, 2nd edition .

A hard harrow drive is the most coarse storage device used on network workstations and servers. Users depend on hard harrow drives to store their word-processing documents, spreadsheets, and other types of data. Drives are organized into file systems that users can access either locally or remotely .
local file systems are installed on a exploiter ’ s computer and can be accessed without distant network connections. The C drive available on most workstations and servers is an exercise of a local file system. You access the C drive using the file way C : \ .
On the other hand, you access remote file systems through a network joining to a remote control resource. You can connect to a remote control file system using the Map Network Drive have of Windows Explorer .
Wherever harrow resources are located, your job as a system administrator is to manage them. The tools and techniques you use to manage file systems and drives are discussed in this chapter. chapter 13, “ administer volume Sets and RAID Arrays ” looks at volume sets and mistake allowance .

Managing the File Services Role

A file server provides a central location for storing and sharing files across the network. When many users require entree to the lapp files and application data, you should configure file servers in the world. In earlier releases of the Windows Server operating system, all servers were installed with basic charge services. With Windows Server 2008 R2, you must specifically configure a waiter to be a file server by adding the File Services role and configuring this function to use the allow character services .
table 12-1 provides an overview of the function services associated with the File Services function. When you install the File Services role, you might besides want to install the following optional features, available through the Add Features Wizard :

  • Windows Server Backup The accompaniment utility included with Windows Server 2008 R2 .
  • Storage Manager for SANs Allows you to provision repositing for storage sphere networks ( SANs ) .
  • Multipath I/O Provides support for using multiple data paths between a file server and a repositing device. Servers use multiple I/O paths for redundancy in sheath of the bankruptcy of a way and to improve transplant performance .

Table 12-1. Role Services for File Servers

BranchCache For Network Files Enables computers in a ramify office to cache normally used files from shared folders .
Distributed File System ( DFS ) Provides tools and services for DFS Namespaces and DFS Replication. DFS Replication is a new and favored rejoinder technology. When a domain is running in Windows 2008 sphere functional flush, knowledge domain controllers use DFS Replication to provide more robust and farinaceous echo of the SYSVOL directory .
DFS Namespaces Allows you to group shared folders located on different servers into one or more logically structure namespaces. Each namespace appears as a individual shared folder with a series of subfolders. however, the implicit in structure of a namespace can come from shared folders on multiple servers in different sites .
DFS Replication Allows you to synchronize folders on multiple servers across local or wide area network connections using a multimaster replication locomotive. The echo locomotive uses the Remote Differential Compression ( RDC ) protocol to synchronize merely the portions of files that have changed since the death replication. You can use DFS Replication with DFS Namespaces or by itself .
File Server Resource Manager ( FSRM ) Installs a suite of tools that administrators can use to better pull off data stored on servers. Using FSRM, administrators can generate storage reports, configure quotas, and define file-screening policies .
Indexing Service Allows index of files and folders for faster search. Using the relate question linguistic process, users can find file promptly. You can not install Indexing Service and Windows Search Service on the like calculator.

Services for Network File System Provides a file sharing solution for enterprises with a blend Windows and UNIX environment. When you install Services for Network File System ( NFS ), users can transfer files between Windows Server 2008 R2 and UNIX operating systems by using the NFS protocol .
Windows Search Service Enables flying file searches of resources on the server from clients that are compatible with Windows Search Service. This feature is designed primarily for desktop and small function implementations .
Windows Server 2003 File Services Provides file services that are compatible with Windows Server 2003. This allows you to use a waiter running Windows Server 2008 R2 with servers running Windows Server 2003 .

You can add the File Services function to a server by following these steps :

  1. In Server Manager, select the Roles node in the leftover acid, and then click Add Roles. This starts the Add Roles Wizard. If the ace displays the Before You Begin page, read the Welcome text, and then click Next .
    During the setup process, shared files are created on the server. If you encounter a problem that causes the setup process to fail, you need to resume the setup process using the Add Role Services Wizard. After you restart Server Manager, select the File Services node under Roles. In the main pane, scroll down and then click Add Role Services. You can continue with the installation starting with step 3. If you were in the process of configuring domain-based DFS, you need to provide administrator credentials .
  2. On the Select Server Roles page, select File Services, and then click Next doubly .
  3. On the Select Role Services page, select one or more function services to install. A compendious of each role service is provided in board 12-1. To allow for interoperability with UNIX, be certain to add Services for Network File System. Click Next .
  4. A DFS namespace is a virtual scene of shared folders located on unlike servers. To install DFS Namespaces, you work with respective extra shape pages :
    • On the Create A DFS Namespace page, set the root identify for the first namespace or elect to create a namespace later, as shown in the comply screen. The namespace root name should be something that is comfortable for users to remember, such as CorpData. In a big enterprise, you may need to create separate namespaces for each major class .
    • On the Select Namespace Type page, specify whether you want to create a domain-based namespace or a stand-alone namespace, as shown in the trace screen. Domain-based namespaces can be replicated with multiple namespace servers to provide high handiness, but they can have entirely up to 5,000 DFS folders. stand-alone namespaces can have up to 50,000 DFS folders, but they are replicated only when you use failover server clusters and configure replication .
    • If you are creating a domain-based namespace, on the Provide Credentials To Create A Namespace foliate, cluck Select, and then specify the drug user name and password for an report that is a member of the Domain Admins groups. This history is used to create the namespace .
    • On the Configure Namespace page, you can add shared folders to the namespace deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as namespaces that are associated with a DFS folder, as shown in the be screen. Click Add. In the Add Folder To Namespace dialogue box, suction stop Browse. In the Browse For Shared Folders dialogue box, select the shared folder to add, and then click OK. Type a name for the folder to add, and then click OK. Next, type a diagnose for the booklet in the namespace. This appoint can be the lapp as the original booklet name or a newly appoint that will be associated with the original booklet in the namespace. After you type a mention, cluck OK to add the folder and complete the process .

    You do not have to configure DFS Namespaces at this time. Once you install DFS Namespaces, DFS Replication, or both, you can use the DFS Management console to manage the related features. This console is installed and available on the Administrative Tools menu. See Chapter 15. “Data Sharing, Security, and Auditing” for more information .

  5. With File Server Resource Manager, you can monitor the come of space used on harrow volumes and create storehouse reports. To install File Server Resource Manager, you work with two extra shape pages :
    • On the Configure Storage Usage Monitoring foliate, choose disk volumes for monitor as shown in the follow screen. When you select a volume and then click Options, you can set the volume custom doorway and choose the reports to generate when the volume reaches the doorway value. By default, the use doorsill is 85 percentage .
    • On the Set Report Options page, you can select a keep open location for custom reports, as shown in the follow screen. One usage report of each type you select is generated each time a volume reaches its threshold. Old reports are not automatically deleted. The default write location is % SystemDrive % \StorageReports. To change the default localization, click Browse, and then select the new save placement in the Browse For Folder dialogue box. You can besides elect to receive reports by electronic mail. To do this, you must specify the recipient e-mail addresses and the SMTP waiter to use .

    You do not have to configure monitoring and reporting at this time. After you install FSRM, you can use the File Server Resource Manager console to manage the related features. This console is installed and available on the Administrative Tools menu .

  6. To install Windows Search Service, you work with an extra configuration page that allows you to select the volumes to index. Indexing a volume makes it possible for users to search a volume cursorily. however, indexing entire volumes can affect serve performance, specially if you index the system volume. therefore, you may want to index entirely particular shared folders on volumes, which you can do subsequently on a per-folder basis .

    You do not have to configure indexing at this time. After you install Windows Search Service, you can use the Indexing Options utility in Control Panel to manage the related features .

  7. After you complete the optional pages, click Next. You ’ ll see the Confirm Installation Options foliate. Click Install to begin the facility work. When Setup finishes installing the server with the features you selected, you ’ ll see the Installation Results page. Review the initiation details to ensure that all phases of the installation were completed successfully .

If the File Services character is installed already on a waiter and you want to install extra services for a file server, you can add function services to the server by using a similar process. In Server Manager, expand the Roles node, and then select the File Services node. In the main acid, the window is divided into several panels. Scroll toss off until you see the Role Services dialog box, and then click Add Role Services. You can then follow the previous operation starting with step 3 to add character services .

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