Setup Remote Desktop Services in Windows Server 2012 R2 – Virtually Boring

Microsoft Remote Desktop Services [ RDS ] allows users to access centralized applications and workstations in the data center remotely. Microsoft RDS is the new expanded and renamed Microsoft Terminal Services. In this post I will document the implementation of RDS in my home plate lab using an ‘ all-in-one ’ shape .
vBoring Blog Series:
RDS Architecture

Server Roles in RDS:

There are three core roles to setup a RDS environment and are as follows :

  • Remote Desktop Session Host [RDSH]: Applications are installed and published from the Session Host servers.
  • Remote Desktop Connection Broker [RDCB]: This role handles user sessions by load balancing among the RD Session Host servers. Also allows disconnected users to reconnect to their existing sessions without starting a new one.
  • Remote Desktop Web Access [RDWA]: This role provides a web portal to access the RDS environment. Also allows Windows 7 & 8 desktops to connect using the RemoteApp and Desktop Connection.

The follows roles are not required but add extra abilities to RDS :

  • Remote Desktop Gateway [RDG]: This role enables remote users to use the Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) over HTTPS. It is placed on the edge of your network and acts as the entry point to your RDS environment externally.
  • Remote Desktop Virtualization Host [RDVH]: This allows RDS integration with a Hyper-V hypervisor to manage virtual desktops
  • Licensing: RDS comes with a 120 day trial period. When the trial period ends RDS will no longer accept connections. The RDS License role handles the licensing for RDS.

For extra interpretation about the roles for RDS assay out the Microsoft RDS Overview

Installing RDS Roles:

When setting up RDS you have the option of running the three core roles run on a single server or separate each role onto its own server. If you are setting RDS up for a lab or a minor environment then a all-in-one setup would save you hardware resources. If your environment is large you will want to separate these roles to spread the resources across multiple servers. No matter which setup you pick they both can scale outward depending on exploiter growth .
For my documentation I went with a single server called a Quick Start frame-up. To start overt Server Manager then click Manager – > Add Roles and Features
1 Remote Desktop Service - Add Role and Feature
Click Next
2 Remote Desktop Service - Before you Begin
Change the choice to Remote Desktop Services Installation then pawl Next
3 Remote Desktop Service - Installation Type
In my environment I will have the three core RDS roles running on a single VM ( all-in-one victimize. If you have a large number of users you will run through the Standard deployment where the three congress of racial equality services run on classify servers .
If you pick a Quick Start frame-up you can add extra servers to each role to allow expansion. Either option will allow you to grow with your environment !
4 Remote Desktop Service - Deployment Type
We are setting up lotion print. Change choice to Session-based desktop deployment and chatter Next
5 Remote Desktop Service - Deployment Scenario
Since we did the Quick Start selection the Connection Broker, Web Access and Session Host roles will be installed on the single server. Click Next
5 Remote Desktop Service - Server Selection
Check the box labeled Restart the destination server automatically if required then click Deploy
6 Remote Desktop Service - Confirmation
here is what the advancement window looks like. In my install it rebooted after the Remote Desktop Services role but did not for Session Collection and RemoteApp .
7 Remote Desktop Service - View Progress
once finished click Close. Remote Desktop Services  is now install !
8 Remote Desktop Service - Completion

Publishing Applications:-

A collection is a coherent grouping of RDSH servers that application can be published from. Note: Each RDSH server can only participate in a single collection
If you went through the Quick Setup of RDS it will create a collection called “ QuickCollection ” that contains the applications Wordpad, MS Paint, and Calculator .
RDS 1 - QuickCollection Overview
To add applications to the collection, chatter Tasks – > Publish RemoteApp Programs
RDS 2 - Publush RemoteApp Programs
It will scan your RDSH for install applications and display them in a list. I have the vSphere Client installed, select your lotion then click Next
RDS 3 - Select RemoteApp

Confirm your application survival ( s ) and snap Publish
RDS 4 - Confirmation
Click Close to complete the publish process
RDS 5 - Completion

RemoteApp Global Permissions:

By default the QuickSessionCollection gives all Domain Users access to Remote App programs. To change this chatter Tasks – > Edit Properties
RDS 6 - Edit Properties
Click User Groups. If you wanted to add or remove users Click Add  and search .
If you want to remove Domain Users you must first add a user or group beginning before you can remove it. ( There has to be at least 1 in User Groups )
RDS 7 - User Groups
once you have a moment drug user or group you can now remove Domain Users .
Remember this is at the Collections degree. By default all RemoteApp programs inherit these permissions .
RDS 7-1 - Added User Group

RemoteApp Program Permissions:

If you want to change the implicit in permissions of a RemoteApp, select the application – > right click and click Edit Properties
RDS 8 - Edit Properties on RemoteApp
Click User Assignment – > then change the option to Only specified users and groups. You can now Add and Remove the permissions inherit from the collection. In my exemplar I wanted alone my VMware Admins AD group to have permission to the vSphere Client. Click Apply and Ok to save you changes .
RDS 10 - Changed user assignment to AD group

Accessing RemoteApp Programs via the Web Access:

To access your newly deployed RDS environment enroll the follow savoir-faire of your RDWeb Access into your browser. Allow the addition to run if prompted .
16 Remote Desktop Service - Accessing RDS via web browser
once logged in you will see applications that you have access to. If you went through the Quick Setup of RDS it will have created a “ Collection ” that contains Calculator, MS Paint and Wordpad. Click on a application to launch it. If you get a certificate mistake click Continue .
17 Remote Desktop Service - Open Application
The lotion should launch ! If you go to Help – > About you will see waiter 2012 rather of the local OS. The application is being ran on the RDSH server and are only viewing it via RDS .
18 Remote Desktop Service - Calculator
Continue reading – Part 2: Setup RD Licensing Role on Windows Server 2012 R2

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