Deploying Hyper-V VDI: A How-To Guide
In any modern clientele environment, the ability to access services whenever and wherever they are needed is highly important. In late years, virtualization technology has become increasingly advance, with diverse functionalities being introduced on a regular basis. As a result, traditional personal computer infrastructure has been gradually replaced with virtual background infrastructure ( VDI ) which allows you to run and manage multiple virtual machine-based desktops from any device or localization. Microsoft has besides introduced its own VDI solution which enables access and management of distant desktops and operating systems. In unretentive, this blog mail attempts to answer the come questions : What is Hyper-V VDI? – Hyper-V VDI is a background virtualization solution that can host background workloads on a centralized server running in a data plaza.
What components are required to deploy a Windows Server 2012 VDI environment? – You can use the VDI engineering through enabling the surveil roles :
- Remote Desktop Virtualization Host
- Remote Desktop Session Host
- Remote Desktop Connection Broker
- Remote Desktop Gateway
- Remote Desktop Web Access
- Remote Desktop Licensing
How to deploy a Windows Server 2012 VDI environment? – For this purpose, you need to take the follow steps :
- Install the server roles on physical machines or virtual machines
- Create a pooled virtual desktop collection
- Add Remote Desktop Gateway servers
- Add Remote Desktop Connection Brokers
- Add Remote Desktop Web Access
- Add Remote Desktop Licensing
- Add Remote Desktop Virtualization Hosts
After going through the integral deployment process, you get entree to enterprise-level background virtualization, which can provide you with flexibility, efficiency, scalability, security and many more benefits. Read further to learn more about the Hyper-V VDI environment and how you can protect all your virtual desktops with a single data-protection solution – NAKIVO Backup & Replication.
What Is Hyper-V VDI?
Hyper-V VDI is a centralize desktop delivery solution which enables running virtual background instances, including node operating systems ( OSes ), data, and applications in a server-based virtual machine ( VM ) in the data center. To enable Hyper-V VDI, you need two Windows server roles : Hyper-V, which creates and manages VMs, and Remote Desktop Services ( RDS ), which enables and manages communication between a user and a virtual desktop over the network. With the aid of a Remote Desktop Protocol, the user ’ mho input signal is sent to a remote control lotion and the application ’ s output is then displayed on the drug user ’ s local device. frankincense, a Hyper-V VDI environment can be considered an alternative to traditional PC-based infrastructure. In this case, real physical computers are replaced with virtual desktops. Each exploiter gets access to a dedicated VM that runs a discriminate OS ( such as Windows, Windows Server, and Linux ). Some users may be given administrator rights, which allows them to install or delete background applications, change system settings, install system updates, etc.
How Hyper-V VDI Works
It is highly difficult to control a boastfully organization with thousands of employees performing thousands of tasks at the lapp time—even more so if this organization has multiple branches all over the world. As a solution, your infrastructure can become debunk to multiple likely threats and dangers. many organizations decide to deploy the VDI solution in order to address some of their existing desktop management challenges and electric potential vulnerabilities. frankincense, Hyper-V VDI can help you in the follow cases :
- If you would like to deliver secure desktops to unmanaged devices, such as when employees work remotely from home.
- If you are seeking to centrally manage and maintain all remote desktop instances, such as offshore or outsourcing branch offices.
- If you work in a highly-regulated industry and need to ensure that strict security requirements can be met.
- If you need to create a standardized desktop for task workers, who generally perform an established set of tasks.
- If you wish to have access to your workstation at any time and from any device, such as when traveling abroad for a business trip.
To better understand why some business owners choose to build a VDI environment, you need to understand how it works. In a nutshell, the Microsoft VDI technology entails the following :
- Every end user can access their virtual desktop, which is stored on a centralized server, from any device.
- An administrator can grant/deny users access to specific applications from a central management console.
- An administrator can easily identify when licensing is going to expire and determine whether any of your desktop instances requires updates.
- A selected virtual desktop can be maintained and supported by an administrator from a centralized server without having to disrupt the production environment.
- Every end user is assigned a specific VM with dedicated resources. All VMs run in isolation from one another, meaning that they cannot affect one another’s performance and get hold of private data.
- All data is stored on a physical server in the data center, meaning that if a virtual desktop fails, you can still retrieve the required information from a remote server.
- Support and maintenance within the VDI environment is much easier compared to that within a traditional PC infrastructure in that an administrator can easily detect any issues and solve them from a centralized server. This is especially convenient for large enterprises which run multiple datacenters in different locations.
- An end user can connect to their virtual desktop using a thin client, zero client, or thick client, as well as laptops or docking stations, tablets or phones. Note that the device should be connected to a corporate network in order to perform any I/O operations.
- VDI deployment can be scaled up and down on an as-needed basis. Due to the fact that virtual desktop instances are VM-based, expanding your Hyper-V VDI environment is as easy as creating new VMs.
Hyper-V VDI Components
In decree to build a Hyper-V VDI environment using a Hyper-V virtualization platform, you should have the follow Remote Desktop Services enabled :
- Remote Desktop Virtualization Host, which is a server with the Hyper-V role enabled. The hypervisor helps you host VMs and install desktop OSs on top of them. This way, you can provision each end user with their own workstation.
- Remote Desktop Session Host, which allows multiple end users to access Windows desktops and applications using RemoteApp or the Remote Desktop Connection client.
- Remote Desktop Connection Broker, which enables connection between end users and specific virtual desktops. Remote Desktop Connection Broker can identify whether a user is allowed to connect to a desktop instance and access certain VM data and applications.
- Remote Desktop Gateway, which provides public users with a secure network to connect to Windows desktops and applications.
- Remote Desktop Web Access, which enables users to access virtual desktops and applications through a web page.
- Remote Desktop Licensing, which allows you to manage RD licensing within your Hyper-V VDI environment and ensure that each user and device has an RDS Client Access License (CAL).
Benefits of Deploying Hyper-V VDI
As you can see, Hyper-V VDI is a big option for business owners looking to simplify management over their stream production workloads. however, there are even more reasons why you should deploy the Microsoft VDI environment, which we will discuss in detail below : The benefits of deploying Hyper-V VDI include :
- By consolidating multiple desktop instances on top of a single platform, you can easily manage and control all endpoints.
- IT administrators can easily maintain and provision all available desktops from a centralized server without affecting production environment and users’ productivity.
- With Hyper-V VDI, you can have an easy remote access to your workstation from anywhere in the world.
- All data is stored in a central server, meaning that hardware failures would hardly cause any disruption in your environment. Moreover, if you have a data protection solution installed, it becomes much faster and easier to back up all data from a single location.
- Cost-efficiency. VDI allows you to save money, time, and effort. When compared to a traditional PC infrastructure, a Hyper-V VDI environment requires less hardware resources to support its performance, and it consumes less power thanks to the minimal number of physical servers. Moreover, the entire Hyper-V VDI environment can be supported and maintained by a single IT administrator from a central management console.
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How to Deploy Hyper-V VDI
The stallion setup process is complex enough to make some business owners abandon the idea of building a Hyper-V VDI environment entirely. Below, I am going to describe the bit-by-bit process of deploying Hyper-V VDI in Windows Server 2012.
Step 1: Install Remote Desktop Role Services
This incision describes which Remote Desktop character services should be installed for Hyper-V VDI deployment. 1. open Server Manager, click Manage, and choose Add Roles and Features. 2. The Before You Begin section should open, which describes what you can do using this charming. 3. In the Installation Type section, snap Remote Desktop Services Installation. 4. In the Deployment Type section, click Standard deployment, which enables deployment of Remote Desktop Services across multiple servers. 5. In the Deployment Scenario section, click Virtual machine-based desktop deployment in order to enable connection to virtual background collections. 6. In the Role Services section, you can see the list of RDS role services to be installed for this VDI deployment. Click Next. 7. In the RD Connection Broker section, look through the list of servers available in the waiter pool and choose the server where the RD Connection Broker will be installed. 8. In the RD Web Access section, choose the server from the waiter pool where the RD Web Access character avail will be installed. 9. In the RD Virtualization Host section, choose the waiter from the server pool where the RD Virtualization Host function servicing will be installed. 10. In the Confirmation section, verify that everything is correct. Check the box Restart the destination server automatically if required and click Deploy. 11. In the Completion section, you can monitor the work of installing RDS function services. After the facility operation is complete, the local waiter should restart automatically.
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As a result, you should have the RD Connection Broker, RD Web Access, and RD Virtualization Host installed.
Step 2: Create a pool of managed virtual desktops
The adjacent tone is to create a virtual background solicitation, which allows you to build a single chopine for running Windows desktops and applications, providing users with access to their personal workstations. Virtual background collections can be one of two types : pooled virtual background collections, and personal virtual desktop collections. In a pool background collection, multiple users can simultaneously access a shared pool of resources, while in a personal collection school term, users should be assigned their personal background from within the pool. now let ’ s discover how to create a pool virtual desktop solicitation. For this purpose, you should take the postdate steps : 1. open Server Manager, choice Remote Desktop Services, snap Collections, then go to Tasks, and choose Create Virtual Desktop Collection. The Create Collection sorcerer should open. 2. In the Before You Begin section, read what this sorcerer allows you to do, and check if your system meets all the requirements. 3. In the Collection Name section, insert the name of your virtual background collection. 4. In the Collection Type section, suction stop Pooled virtual desktop collection and check the correspond box to automatically create and manage virtual desktops. 5. In the Virtual Desktop Template incision, select one of the available virtual background templates. note that you should create a VM template advance using the Sysprep joyride as this template is set to be used as a blueprint for creating virtual desktops. 6. In the Virtual Desktop Settings section, choice Provide unattended installation settings. 7. In the Unattended Settings section, you can configure the time zone, and check the Select the organizational unit box. 8. In the Users and User Groups section, you can add the user groups that should have access to connect to the background collection. then, you must specify how many virtual desktops should be created in this collection. After that, assign a prefix and suffix to the mention of each virtual background. 9. In the Virtual Desktop Allocation department, decide how many virtual desktops should be created on each RD Virtualization Host server by entering the number in the New Virtual Desktops column. 10. In the Virtual Desktop Storage section, click Store on each RD Virtualization Host server before checking the Automatically roll back the virtual desktop when the user logs off box.
11. In the User Profile Disks department, you can enable drug user profile disks which can store exploiter visibility settings and data. here, you should specify the location of exploiter profile disks and specify their maximum size in gigabytes. 12. In the Confirmation department, verify the changes that you wish to adopt and click Create. 13. In the Progress incision, you can monitor the process of creating a virtual background solicitation. Click Close. 14. Check the condition of the virtual desktop solicitation by entering the Collection section. After that, right-click the VDI collection and choose Task Status details. This way, you can see that the virtual desktop has been successfully created.
Step 3: Deploy the Hyper-V VDI environment
This is the concluding step in building a Hyper-V VDI environment. here, you should add RD Gateway servers, RD Connection Brokers, RD Web Access, RD Licensing, and RD Virtualization Hosts to create a highly-available Hyper-V VDI environment. For this aim, you should do the succeed :
- Open Server Manager.
- In the DEPLOYMENT SERVERS section, select TASKS.
- Select Add RD Gateway Servers. Following the prompts, making the necessary adjustments.
Go through all of the options ( Add RD Virtualization Host Servers, Add RD Web Access Servers, and Add RD Licensing Servers ) and configure them as required. Visit Windows IT Pro Center to learn more about Hyper-V VDI deployment and configuration. Data Protection with NAKIVO Backup & Replication Data is considered to be the independent asset of many modern organizations, which in go makes security their highest priority. In VDI environments, all data is stored in the production data center, making it easy for IT administrators to monitor the stallion infrastructure, detect any malicious bodily process, and well recover critical data and applications, even if one of the virtual desktop fails. however, the fact that all data is stored in a single placement doesn ’ thyroxine eliminate system vulnerabilities altogether. In fact, the VDI environment becomes more greatly exposed to other threats and dangers. If you are considering deploying the Hyper-V VDI environment, your primary concern should be ensuring its auspices. Standard measures include securing the physical end point, enabling software firewalls, and installing anti-malware products. however, all these approaches are hush insufficiently effective for protecting the entire Hyper-V VDI environment. For this function, consider installing a full-fledged datum auspices solution that includes a rich set of data auspices options and exclusive features. NAKIVO Backup & Replication is a reliable and mighty backup and convalescence solution, which allows you to protect VMware, Hyper-V, Nutanix, and AWS EC2 environments using the following data protection options : backup, backing transcript, accompaniment to cloud, replication, and site recovery. Let ’ s discover what NAKIVO Backup & Replication can do to improve your access to data protection :
- Create image-based, agentless, incremental and application-aware backups of running VMs.
- Create copies of your VM backups and store these copies offsite or on the cloud (Amazon or Azure), thus eliminating a single point of failure.
- Reduce the size of your backups using swap file exclusion, deduplication, and compression, which can significantly decrease your storage space requirements.
- Create and maintain exact copies of source VMs (replicas) on a target host using Hyper-V Replication. These VMs must be stored in a powered-off state in a remote location until a disaster recovery event starts, and you use them for failover.
- Automate and orchestrate the entire disaster recovery process using Site Recovery (SR) workflows. By arranging various actions and conditions into an automated algorithm, you can create an SR job of any complexity and address multiple disaster recovery scenarios.
- Run non-disruptive recovery testing of your SR jobs to verify their effectiveness, and that your recovery objectives can be met. After that, you can easily modify, test, or supplement SR jobs without disrupting the production environment.
- Simplify data protection management by setting up policies that regularly scan your Hyper-V environment and automatically protect the VMs which match these policy rules.
Request a be demonstration by one of our engineers or download a full-featured free trial to test the product in your virtual environment nowadays and see for yourself the multiple benefits that NAKIVO Backup & Replication provides.