Windows Server 2016–Sync Time Server using (S)NTP

How to sync the time to a public time server using NTP

You need to use the w32tm command .

foremost check the current settings :

w32tm /query /status

image
What about the 0x1 parameter ?
hypertext transfer protocol : //support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/875424/time-synchronization-may-not-succeed-when-you-try-to-synchronize-with

  • 0x01 – Use special poll interval Special Interval
  • 0x02 – Use As Fall back Only
  • 0x04 – Send request as Symmetric Active mode
  • 0x08 – Send request as Client mode

To set a new External Time Server like pool.ntp.org habit this command :

net stop w32time

w32tm /config /manualpeerlist:pool.ntp.org /syncfromflags:MANUAL

net start w32time

w32tm /resync

This is the configuration :

w32tm /query /configuration

image
These are all the command line switches :

w32tm [ / ? | /register | /unregister ]
? – this assistant screen.
register – cross-file to run as a service and add default
configuration to the register.
unregister – unregister service and remove all shape
information from the register .
w32tm /monitor [ /domain : ] [/computers:[,[,…]]] [/threads:] [/ipprotocol:<4|6>] [/nowarn] domain – specifies which domain to monitor. If no domain name
is given, or neither the domain nor computers option is
specified, the default domain is used. This option may be
used more than once.
computers – monitors the given list of computers. Computer
names are separated by commas, with no spaces. If a name is
prefixed with a ‘*’, it is treated as an AD PDC. This option
may be used more than once.
threads – how many computers to analyze simultaneously. The
default value is 3. Allowed range is 1-50.
ipprotocol – specify the IP protocol to use. The default is
to use whatever is available.
nowarn – skip warning message.

w32tm /ntte
Convert a NT system time, in (10^-7)s intervals from 0h 1-Jan 1601,
into a readable format.

w32tm /ntpte
Convert an NTP time, in (2^-32)s intervals from 0h 1-Jan 1900, into
a readable format.

w32tm /resync [ /computer : ] [/nowait] [/rediscover] [/soft] Tell a computer that it should resynchronize its clock as soon
as possible, throwing out all accumulated error statistics.
computer: – computer that should resync. If not
specified, the local computer will resync.
nowait – do not wait for the resync to occur;
return immediately. Otherwise, wait for the resync to
complete before returning.
rediscover – redetect the network configuration and rediscover
network sources, then resynchronize.
soft – resync utilizing existing error statistics. Not useful,
provided for compatibility.

w32tm /stripchart /computer : [/period:] [/dataonly] [/samples:] [/packetinfo] [/ipprotocol:<4|6>] Display a strip chart of the offset between this computer and
another computer.
computer: – the computer to measure the offset against.
period: – the time between samples, in seconds. The
default is 2s
dataonly – display only the data, no graphics.
samples: – collect samples, then stop. If not
specified, samples will be collected until Ctrl-C is pressed.
packetinfo – print out NTP packet response message.
ipprotocol – specify the IP protocol to use. The default is
to use whatever is available.

w32tm /config [ /computer : ] [/update] [/manualpeerlist:] [/syncfromflags:] [/LocalClockDispersion:] [/reliable:(YES|NO)] [/largephaseoffset:] computer: – adjusts the configuration of . If not
specified, the default is the local computer.
update – notifies the time service that the configuration has
changed, causing the changes to take effect.
manualpeerlist: – sets the manual peer list to ,
which is a space-delimited list of DNS and/or IP addresses.
When specifying multiple peers, this switch must be enclosed in
quotes.
syncfromflags:– sets what sources the NTP client should
sync from.should be a comma separated list of
these keywords (not case sensitive):
MANUAL – sync from peers in the manual peer list
DOMHIER – sync from an AD DC in the domain hierarchy
NO – sync from none
ALL – sync from both manual and domain peers
LocalClockDispersion: – configures the accuracy of the
internal clock that w32time will assume when it can’t acquire
time from its configured sources.
reliable:(YES|NO) – set whether this machine is a reliable time source.
This setting is only meaningful on domain controllers.
YES – this machine is a reliable time service
NO – this machine is not a reliable time service
largephaseoffset: – sets the time difference between
local and network time which w32time will consider a spike.

w32tm /tz
Display the current time zone settings .
w32tm /dumpreg [ /subkey : ] [/computer:] Display the values associated with a given registry key.
The default key is HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\W32Time
(the root key for the time service).
subkey: – displays the values associated with subkey
of the default key.
computer: – queries registry settings for computer .

w32tm /query [ /computer : ] {/source | /configuration | /peers | /status}
[/verbose] Display a computer’s windows time service information.
computer: – query the information of . If not
specified, the default is the local computer.
source: display the time source.
configuration: display the configuration of run-time and where
the setting comes from. In verbose mode, display the undefined
or unused setting too.
peers: display a list of peers and their status.
status: display windows time service status.
verbose: set the verbose mode to display more information.

w32tm /debug { /disable | { /enable /file : /size: /entries:
[/truncate]}}
Enable or disable local computer windows time service private log.
disable: disable the private log.
enable: enable the private log.
file: – specify the absolute filename.
size: – specify the maximum size for circular logging.
entries: – contains a list of flags, specified by number and
separated by commas, that specify the types of information that
should be logged. Valid numbers are 0 to 300. A range of numbers
is valid, in addition to single numbers, such as 0-100,103,106.
Value 0-300 is for logging all information.
truncate: truncate the file if it exists.

now that you set the server to properly sync you can use this one as home NTP server for early devices .

TIP :
Keep in mind to set the firewall UDP 123 rules to accept .

More information watch here

enjoy !

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This introduction was posted on Wednesday, October 30th, 2019 at 4:18 promethium and is filed under Server, Windows. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a reply, or trackback from your own web site .

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