Hayao Miyazaki

Hayao Miyazaki

latest?cb=20210330033708 Hayao Miyazaki in 2012

Native name

宮崎 駿

Born

January 5, 1941 (age 81)
Bunkyō, Tokyo, Japan

Nationality

Japanese

Reading: Hayao Miyazaki

Alma mater

Gakushuin University

Occupation (s)

Film director • producer screenwriter • animator • author • manga artist

Years active

1963–present

Employer

  • Toei Animation (1963–71)
  • A-Pro (1971–73)
  • Zuiyō Eizō (1973–75)
  • Nippon Animation (1975–79)
  • Telecom Animation Film/TMS (1979–82)
  • Studio Ghibli (1985–present)

Spouse(s)

Akemi Ōta (m. 1965)

Children

  • Gorō Miyazaki
  • Keisuke Miyazaki

Parent(s)

Katsuji Miyazaki (father)

Awards

  • Academy Awards

2001 Spirited Away

  • Golden Bear

2002 Spirited Away

  • Golden Lion – Honorary Award

2005 Liftime Achievement

Hayao Miyazaki ( 宮崎 駿, Miyazaki Hayao, born January 5, 1941, in Tokyo, Japan ) is a japanese director, animator and cartoonist. He adopted several aliases throughout his career, such as Saburo Akitsu ( あきつ さぶろう ), Tsutomu Teruki ( 照樹 務, working at TMS Entertainment ) and Miya Iwasaki. He is the co-founder of Studio Ghibli and is the Chairman of the Tokuma Memorial liveliness Cultural Foundation and Mitaka Municipal Animation Museum of Art ( Ghibli Museum ). He ‘s besides an active member of the Totoro no Furusato Foundation. Born in Bunkyō ward of Tokyo, Japan. He studied political Science and Economics at Gakushuin University and late joined Toei Animation in 1963 as an energizer. Following that, he became a freelancer, finally producing Future Boy Conan and directed his first theatrical animated film The Castle of Cagliostro. In 1984, he, along with Isao Takahata, Toshio Suzuki and Yasuyoshi Tokuma co-founded Studio Ghibli. When Ghibli established its independence from Tokuma Shoten in 2005, he was appointed as Board of Directors. Since then, he has directed numerous inspire films such as My Neighbor Totoro, Kiki’s Delivery Service, Howl’s Moving Castle, The Wind Rises and Princess Mononoke and won the Golden Bear Award at the Berlin International Film Festival and the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature Film for Spirited Away. In 2014, he became the second gear japanese to win the Academy Honorary Award. He came out of retirement to work on How Do You Live? He lives in Tokorozawa, Saitama and is a known smoker. He is married to Akemi Miyazaki and two children, Goro Miyazaki and Keisuke Miyazaki. His rake type is O. He announced his retirement after his last have film, The Wind Rises. In 2016, he came out of retirement to work on a modern film confirmed to be How Do You Live? .

fictional character

Hayao Miyazaki is emotional and passionate, has a fiercely roll homo nature, is strongly assertive and tends to prompt action, has a bountiful expressiveness and curiosity, and possesses an resource so bright it scepter on hallucinatory imagination. And it goes without saying that all these characteristics are in changeless conflict with the self of idealism and judge, the fastidiousness, the self-discipline, the self-control and the abnegation that have characterized him since his youth. One might evening say that this conflict is what creates his own complicated so far appealing character. In fact, one way people who know Miyazaki forgive some of his statements is by saying, “ well, he is, after all, a pile of contradictions. ” One hiree at Studio Ghibli once said that the secret to getting along with Miya-san was as follows : “ You ‘d better not swallow everything he tells you today as is. Tomorrow he might well tell you the face-to-face. [ 1 ]

history

early biography

Miyazaki was born in Tokyo, and is the second gear son of four brothers. His father was Katsuji Miyazaki and their kin owned Miyazaki Airplane Mfg. Co., Ltd ( 宮崎航空機製作所, Miyazaki Kōkūki Seisakusho ), and their factory was based in Tochigi Prefecture in Kanuma. When the Second World War began, their class was evacuated to Utsunomiya. It was hera that Miyazaki stayed until his third gear grade of elementary educate. He moved to Eifuku, Suginami, Tokyo where he studied until 4th degree of elementary school in 1950. When he was a child, he described himself as weak and was not good at exercising. Despite his physical deficiencies, he excelled at drawing. He was an avid reader and a big sports fan of mangakas like Osamu Tezuka and Shigeru Sugiura. He besides loved the pictures books of Tetsuji Fukushima, particularly The Devil of the Savage. When he was in third year at Toyotama High School, he grew concern in liveliness and was greatly influenced by Toei Animation and their film Panda and the Magic Serpent ( 1958 ). He taught himself drawing at Fumio Sato ‘s artist’s workroom and was influenced by Impressionist painters like Paul Cézanne .

Working as an animator

He entered Gakushuin University and joined the Children ‘s Literature Circle ( Children ‘s Culture Study Group ). While helping design respective creature shows, he continued drawing manga with the finish of becoming a professional manga artist, but decided to move into the earth of animation. After graduating from Gakushuin University, he joined Toei Animation as an energizer. He struggled with the workmanlike standard atmosphere of Toei Animation, and never stopped his dream of being a cartoonist. He was greatly enamored by the Soviet-produced feature-length animated film Snow Queen ( 1957 ). That film, along with respective others pushed Miyazaki to stick with working in vivification. Gulliver’s Travels Beyond the Moon ( 1965 ) besides served as a strong inspiration for the bud young energizer. He was promoted to general secretary for the Toei Animation Labor Union, and strove to improve the discussion of animators. In the fall of 1965, he married mate Toei animator Akemi Ota at the age of 24, and by and by had two boys, Goro Miyazaki and Keisuke Miyazaki. He late teamed up with Isao Takahata, Yasuo Ōtsuka and Kouji Mori to work on The Great Adventure of Horus, Prince of the Sun. This early masterpiece took three years ( 1965-1968 ) to complete. In 1971, he left Toei Animation with Isao Takahata and Yoichi Kotabe and transferred to A output to produce, Pippi Longstocking, but that visualize was abandoned after failing to obtain license from the original generator. Following that reverse, Miyazaki and Takahata were invited by Yasuo Ōtsuka to adapt and direct Monkey Punch ‘s Lupin the Third Part I ( 1971 ). Unfortuntely, the series suffered from a depleted audience viewership. Despite the broadcast ending after half a year, it served as the blueprint for subsequent spinoffs. Utilizing their experience from the fail Pippi project, Miyazaki, Takahata, Ōtsuka and Kotabe produced Panda! Go Panda and its sequel ( 1972, 1973 ). Miyazaki was in bang of screenplay, scene fructify, art, original pull back, etc. Miyazaki then transferred to Zuiyo Eizo ( late Nippon Animation ) with Takahata and Kotabe, where they produced Heidi, Girl of the Alps in 1974. He was in charge of scene fix and scene typography ( layout ) for respective of the series ‘ episodes. The serial was a big collision and achieved an average audience rat of 26.9 %. This was Miyazaki ‘s inaugural mainstream achiever .

future Boy Conan

In 1978, Miyazaki directed Future Boy Conan for NHK. While he was not credited as director in the end credits, Miyazaki ‘s responsibilities encompassed that of a director. In trying to keep with the hard-and-fast weekly broadcast schedule, Miyazaki was not lone in charge of lead, but besides in storyboarding, setting, character design and mechanical design. He drew most storyboards and layouts, and the handwriting made by the staff. The storyboard, layout, and original drawings were all checked by Isao Takahata. The series received decent viewership at the time, and is considered a authoritative to this day .

Lupin III : The Castle of Cagliostro

After the liberation of Future Boy Conan, Yasuo Ōtsuka approached Miyzaki to direct a new Lupin III movie for Telecom Animation Film ( then known as Tokyo Movie Shinsha ). frankincense in 1979, The Castle of Cagliostro, Miyazaki ‘s directorial debut, was born. Miyazaki threw himself to complete the film in read time. He worked on the film for a brief four and a half months, describing the feel as where he learnt his limitations of his physical lastingness. unfortunately, due to the stylistic difference between Lupin the Third Part II and the huge popularity of science fiction animation at the time, the movie was a floating-point operation at the box position. thankfully, the film found success after it was rebroadcast on television, and is now considered an animation classical. immediately after this, Miyazaki found himself working on handwriting, storyboard, and director on a handful of episodes for the ongoing Lupin III series. He worked on the series finale, which notably featured designs that would late be seen in Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind. It was around this time when Miyazaki met Toshio Suzuki, who was presently working as deputy editor program of Animage magazine. With the release of the Lupin the Third Part I series, a third Lupin III movie was announced. Miyazaki was once again tapped as conductor, but he turned the crack down. Miyazaki rather recommended his friend Mamoru Oshii to direct.

Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind

Miyazaki, along with Yasuo Ōtsuka and Isao Takahata, were then involved in the US-Japan collaboration Little Nemo by Telecom Animation Film. The trio would fly back and forth to the United States, but concisely after producing a pilot film, Miyazaki and his friends decided to abandon the plan. It was at this time when Miyazaki began developing concepts that would late become My Neighbor Totoro, Princess Mononoke, Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind, and Castle in the Sky. Toshio Suzuki, who fell in beloved with Miyazaki ‘s talent, brought several of Miyazaki ‘s proposal and effigy boards for what would be Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind to Tokuma Shoten ( the publisher of Animage ) in order to adapt it into a film. however, Yasuyoshi Tokuma ( then presiden of Tokuma Shoten ) and his colleague executives rejected this as they felt it was unviable as a film if did n’t have an accompanying manga. Hideo Ogata, editor-in-chief of Tokuma Shoten ‘s Animage, who had been a fan of Miyazaki since producing Future Boy Conan, decided to use the cartridge holder to help publish Nausicaä as a manga. In February 1982, the serialization of Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind began, and finally gained the support of many readers. In addition, Ogata and Suzuki proposed a particular brusque animated film to help promote Nausicaä. The project ‘s telescope gradually expanded, and thanks to Ogata ‘s efforts, Yasuyoshi Tokuma became convert as he was enthusiastic and dreamed of entering the movie occupation at the meter. He decided to produce Nausicaä in an enliven film, which was later released in 1984. Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind proved to be a big strike, following the success of The Castle of Cagliostro as it was being broadcast on television. The film besides helped spur the ecology boom at the time .

Studio Ghibli

Studio Ghibli was established in 1985 thanks to an investment from Tokuma Shoten. Subsequent film productions would besides be funded by Tokuma. The initial disappointing box office returns of 1986 unblock of Castle in the Sky and 1988 My Neighbor Totoro were late offset thanks to the secondary selling sales and release on home television. additionally, in 1986, after Mamoru Oshii ‘s Lupin III movie failed to get produced, Oshii was appointed as the director at Studio Ghibli. He then produced Anchor, which was written by Miyazaki. ( Anchor would besides fail to get produced ) [ 2 ] Kiki’s Delivery Service ( 1989 ) was initially supposed to be directed by Sunao Katabuchi, but had to drop out after an issue with the sponsors. Miyazaki then took over steer duties. Kiki was Ghibli ‘s inaugural major box agency reach, and thanks to its success, the studio apartment was able to hire more talent and expand its operations. Porco Rosso ( 1992 ) was primitively planned as a 45 moment in-flight film for Japan Airlines, but the concept gradually expanded and it was released as a feature film. Due to the end of production on Takahata ‘s only yesterday ( 1991 ), Miyazaki initially managed the output of Porco Rosso independently. The outbreak of the Yugoslav Wars in 1991 moved Miyazaki, prompting a more somber tone for the film. For Whisper of the Heart ( 1995 ), Miyazaki was in charge of screenplay, production, executive producer, layout and original withdraw. Princess Mononoke, ” which was released in 1997, was a record-breaking box position hit in Japan. Mononoke proved to be one of Ghibli ‘s most expensive productions to date, and the tension of that work prompted Miyazaki to push for an early retirement. He returned to work soon after. Spirited Away was released in 2001, and was an even bigger collision in Japan and around the world. It set a new record with 23.5 million viewers, and achieved an astouding box office gross of 30.8 billion yen. It received the highly coveted Golden Bear Award at the Berlin International Film Festival and won the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature in 2003. At the press league following the completion of the film, Miyazaki once again declared his retirement saying, “ It ‘s impossible to make a feature-length anime movie anymore. ” In 2004, Ghibli released Howl ‘s Moving Castle. It was in the first place supposed to be directed by Mamoru Hosoda, but Hosada dropped out due to creative differences. On its moment day of release, the film counted 1.1 million viewers and the film earned 1.48 billion yen in the box agency. Howl’s set the second box position opening of all clock time in Japan. The film won the Osella Award at the Venice International Film Festival and Best Animation Award from the New York Film Critics Association. It was nominated again for an Academy Award that year. In 2005, Miyazaki received the Golden Lion for Lifetime Award for outstanding first filmmakers at the Venice International Film Festival. In 2006, he was selected for the Academy Awards selection committee. Miyazaki was selected doubly before this, but declined because he wanted to concentrate on his creative activities. Tales from Earthsea was released in 2006. Miyazaki worked on the master blueprint, layout, and original video. On July 19, 2008, Ponyo was released. A calendar month after its premier, its japanese box office record exceeded 10 billion yen. During the production of Ponyo, Miyazaki stated that this oeuvre would the survive animated film he could work on physically. however, after the movie was released, Miyazaki was shocked to learn that Howl’s Moving Castle had a issue of viewers than Ponyo, and this motivated him to “ make another movie ”. There was a time when Miyazaki did n’t like to appear in front of the media, but during the creation of Ponyo, he developed a close kinship with NHK, and was featured on their program, Professional Work Style. The objective of his action was a big score. In accession, Miyazaki was invited to the Foreign Correspondents ‘ Association of Japan on November 20, 2008, and sky-high argued about the concerns in the animation diligence. In 2012, he was selected as a Person of Cultural Merit. In 2013, he released The Wind Rises. On September 1, the lapp year, Studio Ghibli president Koji Hoshino announced that Miyazaki would retire from the production of sport films. He has since come out of retirement to produce How Do You Live?. On May 15, 2018, he attended Isao Takahata ‘s funeral service and read the open remarks .

political and ideological stance

Good & Evil

Most of Miyazaki ‘s films feature some sort of clamber between good and evil. For model, in The Castle of Cagliostro, Clarisse d’Cagliostro struggling to save the european Grand Duchy of Gagliostro after it is invaded by the Count Cagliostro, and in Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind, Nausicaä is struggling to save the Valley of the Wind after it is invaded by the Tolmekians. besides, in Castle in the Sky, Pazu must save Sheeta after she is captured by Muska .

environment

several of Miyazaki ‘s film go into homo ‘s concern for nature. such as, in Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind, Nausicaä spends a helping of the movie doing research to find a cure for the toxin plaguing their lands. And in Princess Mononoke, San, being raised by wolves, is very angry at men for destroying their forests .

Anti-War

Anti-War is a big theme in both Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind and in Princess Mononoke. In both movies, the main characters are trying to stop all of the wars. Nausicaä wants to stop the animals from fighting, angstrom well as the chief struggle against the Pejitans and the Ohmu. In Princess Mononoke, Ashitaka tries to end the conflict between Irontown and the forest .

trajectory

Flight is a recurring theme in many of Miyazaki ‘s films, with the exception of Princess Mononoke, in one shape or another. In The Castle of Cagliostro, Lupin steals the Count ‘s autogiro. In Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind, Nausicaa uses a glider to get to places. And there are many airships in the movie, vitamin a well. There are besides airships in Castle in the Sky and Porco Rosso. Porco Rosso is an air pitch navigate. In Kiki’s Delivery Service, Kiki regularly flies around on a heather and there is a colonel blimp, angstrom well as a homemade plane in the movie, excessively. In Spirited Away, Haku can turn into a dragon to fly about. In My Neighbor Totoro, Totoro flies around on a spin top. And then, in Howl’s Moving Castle, Howl can turn in a bird and fly about. Howl ‘s Castle turns into a flying castle .

ocular Devices

The manipulation of ocular devices is common in all of Miyazaki ‘s film. He will pan away from the action for a few seconds to add a fleeting letup to the movie. For case, showing raindrops hitting a rock and darkening it has been used in respective of his movies .

Politics

Miyazaki ‘s early pastime in Marxism is apparent in a few of his films, such as Porco Rosso. In Castle in the Sky, the working class is portrayed in idealize terms. The Cold War is a backdrop for The Castle of Cagliostro, where Zenigata ‘s design to mobilize the ICPO against Count Cagliostro fails when the Soviet and American delegates accuse each other of the forge operation. The class separate is shown in the film by contrasting the Count hosting a lavish feast in the castle with the japanese police eating cheap ramen outside.

Influences

Miyazaki has cited several japanese artists as his influences, including Sanpei Shirato, Osamu Tezuka, and Soji Yamakawa. A issue of western authors have besides influenced his works, including Frédéric Back, Lewis Carroll, Roald Dahl, Jean Giraud, Paul Grimault, Ursula K. Le Guin, and Yuriy Norshteyn, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as animation studio Aardman Animations .

Works

Movies

Shorts

television

other Works

Manga, Image Boards

  • Puss in Boots
  • People of the Desert
  • Animal Treasure Island
  • To My Sister (Collected in The World of Hayao Miyazaki and Yasuo Ōtsuka)
  • Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (7 volumes)
  • The Journey of Shuna
  • Run Two Horsepower Run From The Wind (NAVI, December 1989 and CAR GRAPHIC, August 2010 issue)
  • Meal in the Air (JAL WINDS, June 1994)
  • Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind – Watercolor Painting Collection
  • Princess Mononoke
  • The Age of the Flying Boat (Dainippon Painting 1992, Supplementary Revised Edition 2004)
  • Hayao Miyazaki’s Miscellaneous Notes (Dainippon Painting 1992, Supplementary Revised Edition 1997)
  • The Youngest Brother of an Unknown Giant
  • The Spirit of the Iron
  • Multi-gun Tower Comes into Play
  • Farmer’s Eyes
  • Dragon Armor
  • Heavy Bomber over Kyushu
  • Flak Tower
  • Q.ship
  • Special Aircraft Carrier Yasumatsu Maru Monogatari
  • Over London 1918
  • The Poorest front
  • Pig Tiger
  • Hayao Miyazaki’s Daydream Data Notes (Dainippon Painting August 2002)
  • Hans’s Return
  • Muddy Tiger
  • Blackham’s Bombing Machine by Robert Westall
    • Edited by Hayao Miyazaki, translated by Mizuhito Kanehara (Iwanami Shoten, 2006)
  • Water Depth Gohiro by Robert Westall
    • Translation by Kinpara Mizujin, Kaori Nozawa (Iwanami Shoten, March 2009)
  • The Wind Rises Hayao Miyazaki’s Delusional Comeback (Dainippon Painting, November 2015)
    • Serialized in Model Graphics)

Design work

  • Wondership TVCM of Hitachi’s Maxell New Gold Videotape
  • Pochette Dragon TVCM of Hitachi’s PC H2
  • Ghost Ship in the live-action film Red Crow and the Ghost Ship
  • Nandarō for Nippon Television Network
  • Kanabee for the Kanagawa Dream National Athletic Meet

Lyrics

  • Carrying You (Castle in the Sky theme song)
  • My Neighbor Totoro (My Neighbor Totoro theme song)
  • Le Chemin du Ven (My Neighbor Totoro insert song)
  • Country Road (Whisper of the Heart theme song)
  • Baron no Uta (Whisper of the Heart image album)
  • Princess Mononoke (Princess Mononoke theme song)
  • Tatara Song (Princess Mononoke insert song)

Books, Interviews

  • House Where Totoro Lives
    • Picture collection, Hisashi Wada, Asahi Shimbun (1991), Iwanami Shoten (January 2011)
  • Once in a while, let’s talk
    • Picture book, co-authored with Tokiko Kato, Tokuma Shoten (1992)

The Wind of the Times

    • Dialogue with Ryotaro Shiba and Yoshie Hotta, UPU (1992), Asahi Bunko Bunko (1997)
  • What is a movie, Seven Samurai and Maadayo
    • Interview with Akira Kurosawa, Studio Ghibli (1993)
  • Going to see the giant tree – Encounter with life for a thousand years
    • Co-authored by Miyazaki, Kodansha Culture Books (1994)
  • Starting point 1979-1996
    • Essays, Tokuma Shoten (1996)
  • About Education
    • Co-authored by Miyazaki, Shunposha (1998)
  • Magical Eyes and Ani Eyes
    • Interview with Takeshi Yoro, Studio Ghibli (2002), Shincho Bunko (February 2008)
  • The place where the wind returns-the trajectory from Nausicaa to Chihiro
    • Interview collection by Yoichi Shibuya, Rockin’on (2002), Bungei Ghibli Bunko (November 2013)
  • Turning point 1997-2008
    • Essays, Iwanami Shoten (2008)
  • Tobira to Books-Talking about Iwanami Shonen Bunko
    • Introduction of 50 Recommended Books) Iwanami Shinsho Color Edition (October 2011)
  • Koshinuke Patriotic Talk
    • Interview with Kazutoshi Hando, Bungei Ghibli Bunko (August 2013)
  • The place where the wind returns-How did the movie director Hayao Miyazaki start and how did the curtain come to an end?
    • Interview collection by Yoichi Shibuya, Rockin’on (2013)

Cover Illustration

  • Chesterton’s 1984 / New Napoleon Kitan (Gilbert Chesterton), Shunjusha Publishing (1984)
  • The Witches of Kares on the Planet (James Henry Schmitz ), Shincho Bunko (1987), Sogen Suiri Bunko (1996)
  • Night Flight (Saint Exupery), Shincho Bunko (1993, revised 2012) * New cover
  • Human Land (Saint Exupery), Shincho Bunko (1998, revised 2012) * New cover
  • Midnight Phone (Robert Westall), Tokuma Shoten (2014)
  • Call of a Far Day (Robert Westall), Tokuma Shoten (2014)
  • Ghost Tower (Ranpo Edogawa), Iwanami Shoten (2015)

References

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Category : Anime

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