Adaptations in camels — lesson. Science State Board, Class 6.

camel :


lives in the desert, which is dry and receives scanty rainfall. They

originated in North America

some \ ( 45\ ) \ ( million\ )

years ago

. then about \ ( 3\ ) to \ ( 5\ ) \ ( million\ )

years ago

, they migrated to the South. now, these are spread largely in the deserts. Animals that live in the desert needs to overcome the

excessive heat

and the

scarce water availability

. Camels adapt these conditions in following ways : 1. Have

long legs

to keep the body away from the heat of the sand .2310336429_6201c2d169_o.jpg Camel 2. Camel

drinks a large amount of water

when there is water availability and then stores them in its body. 3. Camels

excrete significantly less urine

, and their

dung is dry

. They

do not sweat

. Since, a camel does not lose a lot water, it lives many days without drinking water. 4. The


of the camel

stores fat

. In case of hand brake, the camel breaks down the fat into energy and water required for nourishment. The sleep together confront in the camel helps them travel long periods without water to survive in the desert’s harsh conditions. Thus the sleep together acts as a

fat reserve or an energy reserve

. Since the bulge has fat, it acts to

insulate the heat

. The bulge ‘s fat acts as a

blanket to the camel from the heat

. therefore, the hunch makes the animal stay cool against the hot and harsh climate of the desert. The


below explains about the Camel ‘s heat content




5. The camel has

padded feet

large and flat feet that help to walk easily on the sand. The embroider feet

help to stop sinking onto the sand against its body weight

and the burden it carries a load. It besides

protects the camel from the sand’s heat

. Camel is therefore called the “

ship of the desert

“ .Camel-toe.jpg Padded feet of camel 6. Camel has

long eyelashes



to protect from the blowing dust particles in the eyes and ears .Camel Eye.jpg The long eyelashes of camel   7. Camels have



slit nostrils

. besides, they keep the nostrils closed to avoid blowing sand and dust particles .camel-5638601_1920.jpgA closed nostrils of a camel8. Camel has an highly long bombastic intestineor colonthat reabsorbs the water, resulting in water retention.. Camel has anorthat 9. Camels have a

leathery mouth

. It helps the camels to chew the thorny and spiky plants .camel-5457781_960_720.jpg Camel eating thorny plants 10. The camel have a



shaggy coat

which protects them in the winter season. During summer, the coat sheds or falls away when there is a temperature rise.


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