Adaptive Authentication: Why Should You Care?
Before going into what adaptive authentication is I want to answer why you should care first. In today ’ mho IT world, relying on a bare username and password authentication is not enough to protect critical business data and systems against the growing number of sophisticated cyber attacks. barely do a agile search on-line to get an estimate of how expensive a chop can be and how advanced attacks have become. That ever-growing numeral of compromise enterprises is clearly asking for systems that do not allow entree to occupation applications and data with a simple username and password login. For a farseeing prison term now, there have been mechanisms that IT can use to protect against such “ simple ” break-ins. Multi-Factor Authentication ( MFA ) is the name of the game. MFA gives you the ability to protect access to your enterprise information .
With MFA, users must provide at least two “ factors ” when they access applications, networks, and resources. besides, most normally, one of the two factors is a erstwhile password ( OTP ) that can not be used a second gear prison term. MFA implementations use a combination of the be factors :
Something you know, such as a username, password, PIN, or the answer to a security wonder .
Something you have, such as a smartphone, erstwhile pass token, or chic wag.
Something you are, biometrics like your fingerprint, retina scans, or voice recognition .
however, at the lapp clock time, we all remember ( or are hush capable to ) having used an RSA Secure ID, Symantec VIP, or similar keepsake. For this, you have to type in that code, which is displayed merely for 30 seconds, and if you do not type in the code displayed flying enough your authentication will fail — which causes you to have to start all all over again. besides, you do not have the token with you when you need it most — you forgot it in the car, at family, at grandma ’ mho house over Thanksgiving, or, or, or… We all have been there. That begs the question… Does it have to be that difficult ? Isn ’ thyroxine there a better way to do this ? That ’ s where adaptive authentication with a sophisticated MFA solution comes in .
What is Adaptive Authentication?
adaptive authentication is a type of multi-factor authentication that can be configured and deployed in a manner that the identity service supplier ( IDP ) system will select the right multiple authentication factors depending on a user ’ second hazard profile and demeanor. Well, it ’ sulfur besides to adapt the type of authentication to the position .
There are three ways that adaptive authentication could be configured depending on the IDP ’ s capabilities :
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- One can set static policies defining risk levels for different factors, such as user role, resource importance, location, time of day, or day of the week.
- The system can learn the typical activities of users based on their tendencies over time. This learned form of adaptive authentication is similar to behavioral correlation.
- A combination of both static and dynamic policies.
And a advanced adaptive authentication IDP organization should provide more than equitable the use of OTP tokens like RSA Secure ID, Symantec VIP, or similar ( so you are not subjugate to the previously mentioned annoyance with display tokens ). It should support MFA through :
- Email verification
- SMS / text verification
- A phone call to predefined numbers
- Mobile push notification to trusted mobile device
- Smart Cards
- Derived Credentials
- OTP tokens
regardless of how you would define your corporate risk levels, adaptive authentication should adapt to that risk level and present the appropriate level of authentication for the given level of risk. Unlike standard, one-size-fits-all authentication natural elevation, it avoids making low-risk activities inappropriately burdensome or bad activities besides easy to hack .
adaptive authentication should look at the following…
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- Device Profile: What system is the request coming from? Is this a system I have seen before, is this a corporate-issued device?
- Location Awareness: Where is this request coming from, is this a “risky” IP address range, is this coming from a “risky” country? How did the user get from San Francisco to some other country in one hour? This isn’t the usual location from which this user is logging on.
- User Behavior: Why is the user accessing those servers/applications/data? He has never done that before.
adaptive authentication is the realization that authentication natural elevation is function of a continuous action of managing access to applications and resources. Meaning, rather of applying hazard evaluation and elevation only during the authentication process once, they are continuously evaluated as depart of the process while accessing information to determine whether to allow any request for a resource, transaction, or interaction or to elevate the authentication and challenge for extra authentication factors at any degree in meter if leery behavior is detected. If fishy behavior is detected, it should prompt the drug user then and there to provide an extra factor of authentication .
Identity Automation with adaptive authentication policies is separate of a broader multi-factor authentication approach for all your applications and resources. This scheme is the most fasten means of managing identities and entree to your corporate applications, network, and resources because with adaptive authentication you make low-risk activities easy and bad activities protected by OTP MFA. Resulting in a “ felicitous ” user force all the while protecting your enterprise .