Periodization of Strength Training

FreeWeights 150
The follow is an update of data appearing in The Cyclist ‘s Training Bible and The Triathlete ‘s Training Bible. Although research reports mixed results when it comes to weight education, my experience from coaching hundreds of athletes is that it improves the race performances of those who have persuasiveness, exponent or muscular endurance as a limiter. I besides believe it ‘s more effective for cycling than for running or swimming probably because pedaling a bicycle is more of a crude motive skill than is running or swim .
I sometimes hear comments from athletes and coaches that no benefits were seen, or flush worse, that there was a performance drop associated with face-lift. The campaign of this may be a failure to periodize forte and alternatively relying on a platform that remains basically unaltered for weeks or months.

This article may serve as a brief introduction to periodization of weight unit educate. For an in-depth description pick up a copy of one of my books : The Cyclist ‘s Training Bible, Cycling Past 50, The Triathlete ‘s Training Bible or The Mountain Biker ‘s Training Bible. Another good resource for those who want a more detailed and scientific discussion is serious Strength train by Tudor Bompa, Ph.D. It ‘s important that the exercises match the mesomorphic demands of the frolic for which you are training. There is little cause for a swimmer to do leg compress, but this is a quite valuable exercise for cyclists. Make the decisiveness about what exercises to include by considering the movements of your sport and then closely replicating them in the weight room. It may besides be necessary to include exercises that help correct muscular imbalances marked by frequent injury. Make the exercises multi-joint whenever possible. By this I mean exercises that involve more than one joint in the movement. For model, a seat knee annex is a single-joint exercise as alone one joint — the knee — is used. The squat, however, is a multi-joint exercise involving the hip, knee and ankle. Multi-joint exercises more closely mimic the movements of sport. I besides recommend using loose weights whenever possible.

The following are the lastingness phases I use with the athletes I coach.

Anatomical Adaptation (AA) Phase

This is the initial phase of lastingness train which normally occurs in the late fall or early winter during the Prep menstruation. Its purpose is to prepare the muscles and tendons for the greater loads of the heavier maximum Strength phase. More exercises are done at this time of year than at any early since improved general body lastingness is a finish, and other forms of aim are minimal. If desired, circumference trail can add an aerobic part to this phase — providing a doubling profit at a fourth dimension when days are frequently short and outdoor workouts are circumscribed.

In this phase, as in most others, the athlete should find that loads are increased by about five percentage every four or five workouts.

Anatomical Adaptation (AA) phase
Total sessions/Phase 8-12
Sessions/Week 2-3
Load Select loads that allow only 20-30 reps
Reps/Set 20-30
Speed of Lift Slow to moderate, emphasizing form
Recovery (in minutes) 1-1.5
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